Molecular Ecology group

Muscari tenuiflora

Biodiversity ranges from genes to ecosystems – we focus on genes and what they tell us about the processes going on in populations, species, communities and ecosystems. We want to know how anthropogenic changes like climate change, habitat fragmentation and introduction of non-native species affect the genetic level. Similarly, we are interested how natural environmental gradients, selection, and history has shaped the genetic make up of target species.
We use molecular methods and population genetic approaches and analyze patterns of genetic variation at various biological and spatial levels from individuals to entire species. Specific research fields are:

+ Evolutionary genetics addresses speciation and evolution of lineages
+ Conservation genetics of endangered rare plant species investigates genetic variation in often small populations and its role for population viability;
+ Landscape genetics tries to understand the dependence of populations on landscape structure and fragmentation;
+ Invasion genetics studies neophytic species, their invasion routes and roles of genetic make up for invasion success;.
+ Phylogeography specifically asks how species wide intraspecific genetic patterns are related to historical processes
+ Community genetics investigates the effects of genetic diversity for other levels of biodiversity, e.g. the link between species diversity and genetic diversity.

+ Environmental genomics tries to unreavel mechanisms of plant-microbe interactions with a particular emphasis on the effect of drivers of global change unsing a range of meta-omics techniques.

Furthermore, because genetic variation in plants is closely related to life history traits, we are interested in reproductive traits and broadscale phylogenetic relationships.

Walter Durka

Walter Durka

Head of group, principal investigator

Phone +49-345-558 5314

Personal homepage

Stefan G. Michalski

Stefan G. Michalski 


Phone +49-345-558 5310

Personal homepage

Tesfaye Wubet

Tesfaye Wubet

Senior researcher

Phone +49-345-558 5315

Personal homepage

Anna-Maria Madaj

Anna-Maria Madaj

PhD student

Phone +49-345-558 5222

Personal homepage


Bala Singavarapu

PhD student

Phone +49-345-558 5316


Ina Geyer


Phone +49 345 558 5342, -5335, -5332


Martina Herrmann


Phone +49 345 558 5342, -5335, -5332

  • Jennifer Born
  • Lena Kloss
  • Ali Nawaz
  • Alice Theisen
  • Christoph Z. Hahn


Born J, Michalski SG (2017). Strong divergence in quantitative traits and plastic behavior in response to nitrogen availability among provenances of a common wetland plant. Aquatic Botany 136:138-145.DOI:

Bucharova A, Durka W, Hoelzel N, Kollmann J, Michalski S, Bossdorf O (2017a). Are local plants the best for ecosystem restoration? It depends on how you analyze the data. Ecology and Evolution 7:10683–10689.DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3585

Bucharova A, Michalski SG, Hermann JM, Heveling K, Durka W, Hölzel N, Kollmann J, Bossdorf O (2017b). Genetic differentiation and regional adaptation among seed origins used for grassland restoration: lessons from a multi-species transplant experiment. Journal of Applied Ecology 54:127-136.DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12645

Datta A, Kuhn I, Ahmad M, Michalski S, Auge H (2017). Processes affecting altitudinal distribution of invasive Ageratina adenophora in western Himalaya: The role of local adaptation and the importance of different life-cycle stages. Plos One 12.DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187708

Durka W, Baum A, Michalski SG, Baum H (2017). Darwin´s legacy in Platanthera: are there more than two species in the Platanthera bifolia/chlorantha group? Plant Systematics and Evolution 303:419-431.DOI: 10.1007/s00606-016-1381-8

Durka W, Michalski SG, Berendzen KW, Bossdorf O, Bucharova A, Hermann JM, Hölzel N, Kollmann J (2017). Genetic differentiation within multiple common grassland plants supports seed transfer zones for ecological restoration. Journal of Applied Ecology 54:116-126.DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12636

Hahn CZ, Michalski SG, Durka W (2017). Gene flow in and mating system of Rhododendron simsii in a nature reserve in subtropical China. Nordic Journal of Botany 35:1-7.DOI: 10.1111/njb.01311

Hahn CZ, Michalski SG, Fischer M, Durka W (2017). Genetic diversity and differentiation follow secondary succession in a multi-species study on woody plants from subtropical China. Journal of Plant Ecology 10:213-221.DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtw054

Hahn CZ, Niklaus PA, Bruelheide H, Michalski SG, Shi M, Yang X, Zeng X, Fischer M, Durka W (2017). Opposing intraspecific vs. interspecific diversity effects on herbivory and growth in subtropical experimental tree assemblages. Journal of Plant Ecology 10:242-251.DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtw098

Michalski SG, Malyshev AV, Kreyling J (2017). Trait variation in response to varying winter temperatures, diversity patterns and signatures of selection along the latitudinal distribution of the widespread grassland plant Arrhenatherum elatius. Ecology and Evolution 7:3268-3280.DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2936

Purschke O, Michalski SG, Bruelheide H, Durka W (2017). Phylogenetic turnover during subtropical forest succession across environmental and phylogenetic scales. Ecology and Evolution 7:11079–11091.DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3564

Richards CL, Alonso C, Becker C, Bossdorf O, Bucher E, Colome-Tatche M, Durka W, Engelhardt J, Gaspar B, Gogol-Doring A, Grosse I, van Gurp TP, Heer K, Kronholm I, Lampei C, Latzel V, Mirouze M, Opgenoorth L, Paun O, Prohaska S, Rensing SA, Stadler P, Trucchi E, Ullrich K, Verhoeven KJF (2017). Ecological plant epigenetics: Evidence from model and non-model species, and the way forward. Ecology Letters 20:1576–1590.DOI: 10.1111/ele.12858

Rosche C, Hensen I, Mráz P, Durka W, Hartmann M, Lachmuth S (2017). Invasion success in polyploids: the role of inbreeding in the contrasting colonization abilities of diploid versus tetraploid populations of Centaurea stoebe s.l. Journal of Ecology 105:425-435.DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12670

Trogisch S, Schuldt A, Bauhus J, Blum JA, Both S, Buscot F, Castro-Izaguirre N, Chesters D, Durka W, Eichenberg D, Erfmeier A, Fischer M, Geissler C, Germany MS, Goebes P, Gutknecht J, Hahn CZ, Haider S, Hardtle W, He JS, Hector A, Honig L, Huang YY, Klein AM, Kuhn P, Kunz M, Leppert KN, Li Y, Liu XJ, Niklaus PA, Pei ZQ, Pietsch KA, Prinz R, Pross T, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schmidt K, Scholten T, Seitz S, Song ZS, Staab M, von Oheimb G, Weissbecker C, Welk E, Wirth C, Wubet T, Yang B, Yang XF, Zhu CD, Schmid B, Ma KP, Bruelheide H (2017). Toward a methodical framework for comprehensively assessing forest multifunctionality. Ecology and Evolution 7:10652-10674.DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3488

Zeng X, Durka W, Fischer M (2017). Species-specific effects of genetic diversity and species diversity of experimental communities on early tree performance. Journal of Plant Ecology 10:252-258.DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtw108

Zeng X, Durka W, Welk E, Fischer M (2017). Heritability of early growth traits and their plasticity in 14 woody species of Chinese subtropical forest. Journal of Plant Ecology 10:222-231.DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtw086


Bienau MJ, Eckstein RL, Otte A, Durka W (2016). Clonality increases with snow depth in an arctic dwarf shrub. American Journal of Botany 103:2105-2114. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1600229

Bucharova A, Durka W, Hermann JM, Hölzel N, Michalski SG, Kollmann J, Bossdorf O (2016a). Plants adapted to warmer climate do not outperform regional plants during a natural heat wave. Ecology and Evolution 6:4160-4165.doi: 10.1002/ece3.2183

Bucharova A, Frenzel M, Mody K, Parepa M, Durka W, Bossdorf O (2016b). Plant ecotype affects interacting organisms across multiple trophic levels. Basic and Applied Ecology 17:688-695.doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2016.09.001

Purahong W, Durka W, Fischer M, Dommert S, Schöps R, Buscot F, Wubet T (2016). Tree species, tree genotypes and tree genotypic diversity levels affect microbe-mediated soil ecosystem functions in a subtropical forest. Scientific Reports 6:36672.doi: 10.1038/srep36672

Rosche C, Durka W, Hensen I, Mráz P, Hartmann M, Müller-Schärer H, Lachmuth S (2016). The population genetics of the fundamental cytotype-shift in invasive Centaurea stoebe s.l.: genetic diversity, genetic differentiation and small-scale genetic structure differ between cytotypes but not between ranges. Biological Invasions 18:1895-1910.doi: 10.1007/s10530-016-1133-2

Roscher C, Schumacher J, Petermann JS, Fergus AJF, Gerighausen U, Michalski SG, Schmid B, Schulze ED (2016). Convergent high diversity in naturally colonized experimental grasslands is not related to increased productivity. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 20:32-45.doi: 10.1016/j.ppees.2016.03.003

Staab M, Bruelheide H, Durka W, Michalski S, Purschke O, Zhu C-D, Klein A-M (2016). Tree phylogenetic diversity promotes host–parasitoid interactions. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 283:20160275.doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.0275


Harter DEV, Jentsch A, Durka W (2015). Holocene re-colonisation, central-marginal-distribution and habitat specialisation shape population genetic patterns within an Atlantic European grass species. Plant Biology 17: 684-693. DOI: 10.1111/plb.12269

Hofmann M, Durka W, Liesebach M, Bruelheide H (2015). Intra-specific variability in frost hardiness of Fagus sylvatica L.. Eur J For Res 134: 433-441. DOI: 10.1007/s10342-015-0862-6

Lachmuth S, Durka W, Schurr FM (2015). Corrigendum. Molecular Ecology 24(4): 953-962. DOI: 10.1111/mec.13073

Lipowsky A, Roscher C, Schumacher J, Michalski SG, Gubsch M, Buchmann N, Schulze E-D, Schmid B (2015) Plasticity of functional traits of forb species in response to biodiversity. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 17, 66-77.DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2014.11.003

Marcus T, Boch S, Durka W, Fischer M, Gossner MM, Müller J, Schöning I, Weisser WW, Drees C, Assmann T (2016). Living in heterogeneous woodlands - are habitat continuity or quality drivers of genetic variability in a flightless ground beetle?. Plos One 10: e00144217. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144217

Michalski SG, Durka W (2015). Separation in flowering time contributes to the maintenance of sympatric cryptic plant lineages. Ecology and Evolution 5:2172-2184. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1481

Syrůčková A, Saveljev AP, Frosch C, Durka W, Savelyev AA, Munclinger P (2015). Genetic relationships within colonies suggest genetic monogamy in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber). Mammal Research 60: 139-147. DOI: 10.1007/s13364-015-0219-z


Bienau MJ, Hattermann D, Kröncke M, Kretz L, Otte A, Eiserhardt WL, Milbau A, Graae BJ, Durka W, Eckstein RL (2014). Snow cover consistently affects vegetative growth and seed production in Empetrum hermaphroditum across latitudinal and local climatic gradients. Alpine Botany 124: 115-129. DOI: 10.1007/s00035-014-0137-8

Bruelheide H, Nadrowski K, Assmann T, Bauhus J, Both S, Buscot F, Chen X-Y, Ding B-Y, Durka W, Erfmeier A, Gutknecht J, Guo D, Guo L-D, Härdtle W, He J-S, Klein A, Kühn P, Liang Y, Liu X, Michalski S, Niklaus P, Pei K, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Scholten T, Schuldt A, Seidler G, Trogisch S, von Oheimb G, Welk E, Wirth C, Wubet T, Yang X, Yu M, Zhang Z, Zhou H, Fischer M, Ma K, Schmid B (2014). Designing forest biodiversity experiments: general considerations illustrated by a new large experiment in subtropical China. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5: 74-89. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12126

Egorov E, Prati D, Durka W, Michalski S, Fischer M, Schmitt B, Blaser S, Brändle M (2014). Does land-use intensification decrease plant phylogenetic diversity in local grasslands?. Plos One 9:e103252. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103252

Heilmeier H, Hartung W, Durka W (2014). Habitat conditions, population genetics and niche partitioning of the Namibian resurrection plant Chamaegigas intrepidus. Contributii Botanice 49: 109-120.

Nadrowski K, Pietsch K, Baruffol M, Both S, Gutknecht J, Bruelheide H, Heklau H, Kahl A, Kahl T, Niklaus P, Kroeber W, Liu X, Mi X, Michalski S, von Oheimb G, Purschke O, Schmid B, Fang T, Welk E, Wirth C (2014). <b>Tree species traits but not diversity mitigate stem breakage in a subtropical forest following a rare and extreme ice storm</b>. <i>Plos One</i> 9(5): e96022. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081246

Purschke O, Sykes MT, Poschlod P, Michalski SG, Römermann C, Durka W, Kühn I, Prentice HC (2014).
Interactive effects of landscape history and current management on dispersal trait diversity in grassland plant communities. Journal of Ecology 102: 437-446. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12199

Seeber E, Winterfeld G, Hensen I, Sharbel TF, Durka W, Liu J, Yang Y-P, Wesche K (2014). Ploidy in the alpine sedge Kobresia pygmaea (Cyperaceae) and related species: combined application of chromosome counts, new microsatellite markers and flow cytometry. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 176: 22-35. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12189

Schuldt A, Assmann T, Bruelheide B, Durka W, Eichenberg D, Härdtle W, Kröber W, Michalski SG, Purschke O (2014). Functional and phylogenetic diversity of woody plants drive herbivory in highly diverse forests. New Phytologist 202:864-873. DOI: 10.1111/nph.12695

Schuldt A, Bruelheide H, Durka W, Michalski SG, Purschke O, Assmann T (2014). Tree diversity promotes functional dissimilarity among species, but not overall functional richness of predator assemblages. Oecologia 174: 533-543. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-013-2790-9

Schulz B, Eckstein RL, Durka W (2014). Epigenetic variation reflects dynamic habitat conditions in a rare floodplain herb. Molecular Ecology 23:3523–3537. DOI: 10.1111/mec.12835

Senn H, Ogden R, Frosch C, Syruckova A, Campbell-Palmer R, Munclinger P, Durka W, Kraus RHS, Saveljev AP, Nowak C, Stubbe A, Stubbe M, Michaux J, Lavrov V, Samiya R, Ulevicius A, Rosell F (2014). Nuclear and mitochondrial genetic structure in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber) – implications for future reintroductions. Evolutionary Applications 7:645-662. DOI: 10.1111/eva.12162

Shi M, Michalski SG, Welk E, Chen XY, Durka W (2014). Phylogeography of a widespread Asian subtropical tree: East-west differentiation and climate envelope modelling suggest multiple glacial refugia. Journal of Biogeography 41: 1710-1720. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12322


Apaza Quevedo AE, Schleuning M, Hensen I, Saavedra F, Durka W (2013). Forest fragmentation and edge effects on the genetic structure of Clusia sphaerocarpa and C. lechleri (Clusiaceae) in tropical mountain forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology 29: 321-329. <a href="">DOI: 10.1017/S0266467413000345</a>

Barrufol M, Schmid B, Bruelheide H, Chi X, Hector A, Ma K, Michalski S, Tang Z, Niklaus PA (2013) Biodiversity promotes Tree Growth during Succession in Subtropical Forest. Plos One 8, e81246.

Chumacero de Schawe C, Durka W, Tscharntke T, Hensen I, Kessler M (2013). Gene flow and genetic diversity in cultivated and wild cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in Bolivia. American Journal of Botany100: 2271-2279. <a href="">DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1300025</a>

Durka W, Michalski SG (2013). Genetische Vielfalt und Klimawandel. P. 132-136 in: Essl F, Rabitsch W (Eds). Biodiversität und Klimawandel. Berlin, Springer. Reprint

Durka W, Nossol C, Ruprecht E, Wagner V, Welk E and Hensen I (2013) Extreme genetic depauperation and differentiation of both populations and species European feather grasses (Stipa). Plant Systematics and Evolution 299:259-269. <a href="">DOI:10.1007/s00606-012-0719-0</a>

Hamasha HR, Schmidt-Lebuhn AN, Durka W, Schleuning M, Hensen I (2013). Bioclimatic regions influence genetic structure of four Jordanian Stipa species. Plant Biology 15: 882-891. <a href="">DOI: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2012.00689.x</a>

Hempel S, Goetzenberger L, Kuehn I, Michalski SG, Rillig MC, Zobel M, Moora M (2013) Mycorrhizas in the Central European flora: relationships with plant life history traits and ecology. Ecology 94, 1389-1399.

Kolb A, Durka W (2013). Reduced genetic variation mainly affects early rather than late life-cycle stages.
Biological Conservation 159: 367-374. <a href="">DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2012.11.019</a>

Marcus T, Assmann T, Durka W, Drees C (2013). A suite of multiplexed microsatellite loci for the ground beetle Abax parallelepipedus (Pillar and Mitterpacher 1783) (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Conservation Genetics Resources 5: 1151-1156. <a href="">DOI: 10.1007/s12686-013-9985-6</a>

Purschke O, Schmid BC, Sykes MT, Poschlod P, Michalski SG, Durka W, Kühn I, Winter M, Prentice HC (2013) Contrasting changes in taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity during a long-term succession: insights into assembly processes. Journal of Ecology 101:857-866. <a href="">DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12098</a>

Ritter S, Michalski SG, Settele J, Wiemers M, Fric ZF, Sielezniew M, Šašić M, Rozier Y, Durka W (2013). Wolbachia infections mimic cryptic speciation in two parasitic butterfly species, Phengaris teleius and P. nausithous (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Plos One 8: e78107.
<a href="">DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078107</a>
<a href="">UFZ-Press release</a>

Schulz B, Eckstein RL, Durka W (2013). Scoring and analysis of methylation sensitive amplification polymorphisms (MSAP) for epigenetic population studies. Molecular Ecology Resources 13: 642-653. <a href="">DOI: 10.1111/1755-0998.12100</a>

Tong Y, Xiang W, Wang Z, Durka W, Fischer M (2013). Effects of topography, neighboring plants and individual size on sapling growth and survivorship in Machillus thunbergii. Biodiversity Science 21: 269-277. <a href="">DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.09008</a>


Ebeling S, Schreiter S, Hensen I, Durka W, Auge H (2012). Outcrossing breeding system does not compromise invasiveness in Buddleja davidii. Flora 207: 843-848. <a href="">DOI: 10.1016/j.flora.2012.09.010</a>

Durka W and Michalski SG (2012). DaPhnE - a dated phylogeny of a large European flora for phylogenetically informed ecological analyses. Ecology 93: 2297. <a href="">Download DaPhnE at Ecological Archives</a>

<a href="">doi:10.1890/12-0743.1</a>. 

<a href="">Download DaPhnE at Ecological Archives</a>

<a href=" ">DOI: 10.1007/s11258-012-0113-6</a>.

Hornemann G, Weiß G, Durka W (2012). Reproductive fitness, population size and genetic variation in Muscari tenuiflorum (Hyacinthaceae): the role of temporal variation. Flora 207: 736-743. <a href="">doi:10.1016/j.flora.2012.07.005</a>

Hornemann G, Michalski SG, Durka W (2012). Short-term fitness and long-term population trends in the orchid Anacamptis morio. Plant Ecology 123: 1583-1595.

Lange R, Diekötter T, Schiffmann LA, Wolters V, Durka W (2012). Matrix quality and habitat configuration interactively determine functional habitat connectivity in a widespread bush cricket at a small spatial scales. Landscape Ecology 27: 381-392.  doi: 10.1007/s10980-011-9692-1

Leimu R, Kloss L, Fischer M (2012). Inbreeding alters activities of the stress-related enzymes chitinases and beta-1,3-glucanases. Plos One 7(8): e42326.

Michalski SG, Durka W (2012). Assessment of provenance delineation by genetic differentiation patterns and estimates of gene flow in the common grassland plant Geranium pratense. Conservation Genetics 13: 581-592.  doi: 10.1007/s10592-011-0309-7

Schuldt A, Bruelheide B, Durka W, Eichenberg D, Fischer M, Kröber W, Härdtle W, Ma K, Michalski SG, Palm WU, Schmid B, Welk E, Zhou H, Assmann T (2012). Plant traits affecting herbivory on tree recruits in highly diverse subtropical forests. Ecology Letters 15: 732-739.  doi/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01792.x

Trávníček, P, Jersáková J, Kubátová B, Krejčíková J, Bateman RM, Lučanová M, Krajníková E, Těšitelová E, Štípková Z, Amardeilh J-P, Brzosko E, Jermakowicz E, Cabanne O, Durka W, Efimov P, Hedrén M, Hermosilla CE, Kreutz CAJ, Kull T, Tali K, Marchand O, Rey M, Schiestl FP, Čurn V, Suda J (2012). Minority cytotypes in European populations of the Gymnadenia conopsea complex (Orchidaceae) greatly increase intraspecific and intrapopulation diversity. Annals of Botany: 110: 977-986. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcs171

Voss N, Eckstein RL, Durka W (2012). Range expansion of a selfing polyploid plant despite genetic uniformity. Annals of Botany 110: 585-593.  doi: 10.1093/aob/mcs117

Zeng X, Michalski SG, Fischer M, Durka W (2012). Species diversity and population density affect genetic structure and gene dispersal in a subtropical understory shrub. Journal of Plant Ecology 5: 270-278. doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtr029

Voss N, Welk E, Durka W, Eckstein RL (2012). Biological Flora of Central Europe: Ceratocapnos claviculata L. Lidén. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 14: 61-77.  doi:10.1016/j.ppees.2011.09.004

Michalski SG, Durka W (2012). Identification and characterization of microsatellite loci in the rush Juncus effusus (Juncaceae). American Journal of Botany: e53-e55. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1100322


Becker T, Voss N, Durka W (2011) Pollen limitation and inbreeding depression in an “old rare” bumblebee-pollinated grassland herb. Plant Biology 13:857-864.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2011.00452.x

Lachmuth S, Durka W, Schurr F (2011) Differentiation of reproductive and competitive ability in the invaded range of Senecio inaequidens: the role of genetic Allee-effects, adaptive and non-adaptive evolution. New Phytologist 192: 529:541.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03808.x

Voss N, Simmering D, Peppler-Lisbach C, Durka W, Eckstein RL (2011). Vegetation databases as a tool to analyze factors affecting the range expansion of the forest understory herb Ceratocapnos claviculata. Applied Vegetation Science 22: 726-740.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01284.x

Kattge J, aut. mult. (2011) TRY: a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology 17: 2905-2935.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02451.x

Kloss L, Fischer M, Durka W (2011) Land-use effects on genetic structure of a common grassland herb: a matter of scale. Basic and Applied Ecology 12: 440-448.

Wagner V, Durka W, Hensen I (2011). Increased genetic differentiation but no reduced genetic diversity in peripheral vs. central populations of a steppe grass. American Journal of Botany 98: 1173-1179.

Shi M, Michalski SG, Chen XY, Durka W (2011). Isolation by elevation: genetic structure at neutral and putatively non-neutral loci in a dominant tree of subtropical forest, Castanopsis eyrei. PLOS one 6:e21302.

Stark C, Michalski SG, Babik W, Winterfeld G, Durka W (2011) Strong genetic differentiation between Gymnadenia conopsea and G. densiflora despite morphological similarity. Plant Systematics and Evolution 293: 213:226. 

Bruelheide H, Böhnke M, Both S, Fang T, Assmann T, Baruffol M, Bauhus J, Buscot F, Chen X, Ding B, Durka W, Erfmeier A, Fischer M, Geißler C, Guo D, Guo LD, Härdtle W, He JS, Hector A, Kröber W, Kühn P, Lang A, Nadrowski K, Pei K, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Shi X, Scholten T, Schuldt A, Trogisch S, von Oheimb G, Welk E, Wirth C, Wu YT, Yang X, Zeng X, Zhang S, Zhou H, Ma K, Schmid B (2011) Community assembly during secondary forest succession in a chinese subtropical forest. Ecological Monographs 8: 25-41. doi: 10.1890/09-2172.1.

Wärner C, Welk E, Durka W, Wittig B, Diekmann M (2011). Biological Flora of Central Europe: Euphorbia palustris L. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 13: 57-71.

Schleuning M, Templin M, Huamán V, Vadillo PG, Becker T, Durka W, Fischer M, Matthies, D (2011). Effects of inbreeding, outbreeding, and supplemental pollen on the reproduction of a hummingbird-pollinated clonal Amazonian herb. Biotropica 43: 183-191. doi 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2010.00663.x

Schleuning M, Becker T, Vadillo GP, Hahn T, Matthies D, Durka W (2011) Population genetic structure of a clonal Amazonian understory herb. Journal of Ecology 99: 373-382.  doi: DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01775.x.

Ebeling SK, Schreiter S, Durka W (2011). Polymorphic microsatellite markers in the invasive shrub Buddleja davidii. American Journal of Botany e39-e40.

Horn S, Durka W, Wolf R, Ermala A, Stubbe A, Stubbe M, Hofreiter M (2011) Mitochondrial genomes reveal slow rates of molecular evolution and the timing of speciation in Beavers (Castor), one of the largest rodent species. PLoS ONE 6: e14622


Durka W, Stark C, Güth M, Heyde K, Hornemann G (2010) Spontane Sukzession und genetische Vielfalt in Tagebauen und Steinbrüchen. S. 147-155 in: Hotes S, Wolters V (Hrsg.) Fokus Biodiversität - Wie Biodiversität in der Kulturlandschaft erhalten und nachhaltig genutzt werden kann. München, oekom-Verlag.

Lange R, Durka W, Holzhauer SIJ, Wolters V, Diekötter T (2010) Differential threshold effects of habitat fragmentation on gene flow in two widespread species of bush crickets. Molecular Ecology 19:4936-4948.

Lachmuth S, Durka W, Schurr F 2010) The making of a rapid plant invader: genetic diversity and differentiation in the native and invaded range of Senecio inaequidens. Molecular Ecology 19: 3952-3967.

Baessler C, Klotz S, Durka W (2010). Temporal changes and spatial determinants of plant species diversity and genetic variation. Pp 279-298 in: Müller F, Baessler C, Schubert H, Klotz S (eds) Long-Term Ecological Research. Dordrecht, Springer.

Musche MJ, Settele J, Durka W (2010). Performance and response to defoliation of Sanguisorba officinalis (Rosaceae) seedlings from mown and successional habitats. Botany 88: 691-697.

Hensen I, Kilian C, Wagner V, Durka W, Pusch J, Wesche K (2010) Low genetic variability and strong differentiation among isolated populations of the rare steppe grass Stipa capillata L. in central Europe. Plant Biology 12: 526-536.

Michalski SG, Durka W (2010). Pollen and ovule production in wind-pollinated species with special reference to Juncus. Plant Systematics and Evolution 286:191-197.

Michalski SG, Durka W, Jentsch AV, Kreyling J, Pompe S, Schweiger O, Willner E and Beierkuhnlein C (2010). Evidence for genetic differentiation and divergent selection in an autotetraploid forage grass (Arrhenatherum elatius). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 120: 1151-1162.

Zhu, Y, Siegwolf, RTW, Durka W and Körner C (2010) Phylogenetically balanced evidence for structural and carbon isotope responses in plants along elevational gradients. Oecologia 162: 853-863.

Küster EC, Durka W, Kühn I, Klotz S (2010). Differences in the trait compositions of non-indigenous and native plants across Germany. Biological Invasions 12: 2001-2012.


Durka W (2009). Herkunftskontrollen von Saat- und Pflanzgut aus lokalen Herkünften (Machbarkeitsstudie erstellt im Rahmen des DBU Projektes „Entwicklung und praktische Umsetzung naturschutzfachlicher Mindestanforderungen an einen Herkunftsnachweis für gebietseigenes Wildpflanzensaatgut krautiger Pflanzen“, Prasse, Kunzmann & Schröder 2010).

Stark C, Babik W, Durka W (2009) Fungi from the roots of the common terrestrial orchid Gymnadenia conopsea. Mycological Research 113: 952-959.

Durka W (2009) Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci for Euphorbia palustris (Euphorbiaceae). Genome 52: 1037-1039.

Schmidt T, Arens P, Smulders MJM, Billeter R, Liira J, Augenstein I, Durka W (2009) Effects of landscape structure on genetic diversity of Geum urbanum L. populations in agricultural landscapes. Flora 203: 549-559.

Meyer J, Kohnen A, Durka W, Wöstemeyer J, Blaum N, Rossmanith E, Brandl R (2009) Genetic structure and dispersal in a small South African rodent. Is dispersal female-biased? Mammalian Biology 74: 478-487.

Babik W, Pabbijan M, Arntzen JW, Cogalniceanu D, Durka W, Radwan J (2009) Long-term survival of a urodele amphibian despite depleted major histocompatibility complex variation. Molecular Ecology 18, 769-781.

Michalski SG, Durka W (2009) Pollination mode and life form strongly affect the relation between mating system and pollen to ovule ratios. New Phytologist 183: 470-479.

Kühn I, Nobis MP, Durka W (2009) Combining spatial and phylogenetic eigenvector filtering in trait analyses. Global Ecology and Biogeography 18:745-758.


Ross CA, Auge H, Durka W (2008) Genetic relationships among three native North-American Mahonia species, invasive Mahonia populations from Europe, and commercial cultivars. Plant Systematics and Evolution 275: 219-229. doi 10.1007/s00606-008-0066-3

Hahn T, Durka W, Becker T, 2008. Populationsgenetische Hinweise auf eine rezente Arealexpansion des mitteleuropäischen Endemiten Linum leonii. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt 60, 87-92.

Musche M, Settele J, Durka W (2008) Genetic population structure and reproductive fitness in the plant Sanguisorba officinalis in populations supporting colonies of an endangered Maculinea butterfly. International Journal of Plant Sciences. 169: 253-262.

Billeter R, Liira J, Bailey D, Bugter R, Arens P, Augenstein I, Aviron S, Baudry J, Bukacek R, Burel F, Cerny M, De Blust G, De Cock R, Diekotter T, Dietz H, Dirksen J, Dormann C, Durka W, Frenzel M, Hamersky R, Hendrickx F, Herzog F, Klotz S, Koolstra B, Lausch A, Le Coeur D, Maelfait JP, Opdam P, Roubalova M, Schermann A, Schermann N, Schmidt T, Schweiger O, Smulders MJM, Speelmans M, Simova P, Verboom J, van Wingerden WKRE, Zobel M (2008) Indicators for biodiversity in agricultural landscapes: a pan-European study. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45: 141-150.

Schweiger O, Klotz S, Durka W, Kühn I (2008) A test of phylogenetic diversity indices. Oecologia 157: 485-495.


Michalski SG, Durka W (2007) High selfing and high inbreeding depression in peripheral populations of Juncus atratus. Molecular Ecology 16: 4715-4727.

Michalski SG, Durka W (2007) Synchronous pulsed flowering - analysis of the flowering phenology in Juncus (Juncaceae). Annals of Botany 100: 1271-1285.

Anton C, Zeisset I, Musche M, Durka W, Boomsma JJ, Settele J (2007) Population structure of a large blue butterfly and its specialist parasitoid in a fragmented landscape. Molecular Ecology 16: 3828-3838.

Solé M, Durka W, Eber S, Brandl R (2007) Influence of the parasitism by Urophora cardui (Diptera:Tephritidae) on the genotypic and genetic diversity of the host plant Cirsium arvense. Entomologia Generalis 30: 33-42.

Götzenberger L, Durka W, Kühn I, and Klotz S (2007) The relationship of pollen-ovule ratio and seed size - another test of a sex allocation hypothesis. Evolutionary Ecology Research 9: 1145-1161.

Wölleke J, Anders K, Durka W, Elmer M, Wanner M, Wiegleb G, (Hrsg.) (2007) Landschaft im Wandel. Natürliche und anthropogene Besiedlung der Niederlausitzer Bergbaufolgelandschaft. Shaker Verlag, Aachen, 297 S.

Güth M, Wiegleb G, Durka W (2007) Untersuchungen zur Populationsgenetik und Besiedlung der Niederlausitz am Beispiel des Sandohrwurmes Labidura riparia. In: Wöllecke J, Anders K, Durka W, Elmer M, Wanner M, Wiegleb G (eds) Landschaft im Wandel. Natürliche und anthropogene Besiedlung der Niederlausitzer Bergbaufolgelandschaft, pp. 145-160. Shaker Verlag, Aachen

Stark C, Durka W (2007) Der Beitrag von anthropogenen Habitaten für den Erhalt der genetischen Vielfalt: Fallstudie Händelwurz. In: Wöllecke J, Anders K, Durka W, Elmer M, Wanner M, Wiegleb G (eds) Landschaft im Wandel. Natürliche und anthropogene Besiedlung der Niederlausitzer Bergbaufolgelandschaft, pp. 161-179. Shaker Verlag, Aachen

Stark C, Güth M, Durka W (2007) Der Beitrag von anthropogenen Habitaten zur Erhaltung der genetischen Vielfalt von wildlebenden Tier- und Pflanzenpopulationen am Beispiel der Bergbaufolgelandschaft. In: Entwicklung der Biodiversität in der Bergbaufolgelandschaft im Gefüge von Ökologie und Sozioökonomie, BTUC-AR 2/2007 (eds. Bröring U, Wanner M), pp. 135-153. BTU Cottbus.


Wilfert L, Kaib M, Durka W, Brandl R (2006) Differentiation between populations of a termite in eastern Africa: implications for biogeography. Journal of Biogeography 33: 1993-2000.

Herrmann N, Weiss G, Durka W (2006) Biological flora of Central Europe: Muscari tenuiflorum TAUSCH. Flora 201: 81-101.

Anton C, Settele J, Durka W (2006) Nine polymorphic microsatellite loci for the parasitic wasp Neotypus melanocephalus (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 399-401.

Gueth M, Durka W (2006) Identification of 10 microsatellite loci in the earwig Labidura riparia (Dermaptera, Labiduridae). Molecular Ecology Notes 6: 877-879.

Roß C, Durka W (2006) Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the invasive shrub Mahonia aquifolium (Berberidaceae) and their applicability in related species. Molecular Ecology Notes 6:948-950.

Götzenberger L, Durka W, Kühn I, and Klotz S (2006) The relationship of pollen-ovule ratio and seed size - a comparative test of a sex allocation hypothesis. Evolutionary Ecology Research 8:1101-1116

Kühn I, Biermann S, Durka W and Klotz S (2006) Relating geographical variation in pollination types to environmental and spatial factors using novel statistical methods. New Phytologist 172:127-139.

Güth M, Durka W, Mrzljak J (2006) Genetische Untersuchungen zur Populationsstruktur von Calathus erratus (Carabidae) in gestörten Offenlandbereichen der Niederlausitz. Mitteilungen der deutschen Gesellschaft für allgemeine und angewandte Entomologie 15: 107-112


Babik, W, Durka W, Radwan J (2005) Sequence diversity of the MHC DRB gene in the Eurasian beaver (Castor fiber). Molecular Ecology 14: 4249-4257.

Ducroz J-F, Stubbe M, Saveljev AP, Heidecke D, Samjaa R, Ulevicius A, Stubbe A, Durka W (2005) Genetic variation and population structure of the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber in Eastern Europe and Asia based on mtDNA sequences. Journal of Mammalogy 86:1059-1067.

Durka W, Babik W, Ducroz J-F, Heidecke D, Rosell, Samjaa R, Saveljev AP, Stubbe A, Ulevicius A, Stubbe M (2005) Mitochondrial phylogeography of the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber L. Molecular Ecology 14: 3843-3856.

Durka W, Bossdorf O, Prati D, Auge H (2005) Molecular evidence for multiple introductions of invasive garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata, Brassicaceae) to North America. Molecular Ecology 14: 1697-1706.

Heilmeier H, Durka W, Woitke M, Hartung W (2005) Ephemeral pools as stressful and isolated habitats for the endemic aquatic resurrection plant Chamaegigas intrepidus. Phytocoenologia 35:449-468

Michalski S, Gautschi B, Burkart M, Durka W (2005) Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in the rush Juncus atratus (Juncaceae). Conservation Genetics 7: 149-151.

Prinzing A, Durka W, Klotz S, Brandl R (2005) How to characterize and predict alien species? A response to Pysek et al. (2004). Diversity and Distributions 11:121-123


Arens P, Durka W, Wernke-Lenting JW, Smulders MJM (2004) Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in Geum urbanum (Rosaceae) and their transferability within the genus Geum. Molecular Ecology Notes 4:209-212.

Durka W, Bossdorf O, Gautschi B (2004) Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in the invasive Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Molecular Ecology Notes 4:173-175.

Durka W, Woitke M, Hartung W, Hartung S, Heilmeier H (2004) Genetic diversity in Chamaegigas intrepidus (Scrophulariaceae). In: Breckle SW, Schweizer B, Fangmeier A (eds) Results of worldwide ecological studies. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium of the A.F.W. Schimper-Foundation., pp. 257-265. Verlag Günther Heimbach, Stuttgart

Hänfling B, Durka W, Brandl R (2004) Impact of habitat fragmentation on genetic population structure of roach, Rutilus rutilus, in a riparian ecosystem. Conservation Genetics 5:247-257

Kaib M, Jmhasly P, Wilfert L, Durka W, Franke S, Francke W, Leuthold RH, Brandl R (2004) Cuticular hydrocarbons and aggression in the termite Macrotermes subhyalinus. Journal of Chemical Ecology 30:365-385.

Schweiger O, Frenzel M, Durka W (2004) Spatial genetic and morphological structure in a metapopulation of the land snail Cepaea nemoralis (Gastropoda: Helicidae) in a fragmented landscape. Molecular Ecology, 13: 3645-3655.

Solé M, Durka W, Eber S, Brandl R (2004) Genotypic and genetic diversity of the common weed Cirsium arvense (Asteraceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences, 165, 437-444.

Prinzing A, Ozinga WA, Durka W (2004) The relationship between the global and regional distribution of species changes during phylogeny. Evolution 58:2622-2633.

Kühn I, Durka W, and Klotz S (2004) BiolFlor - a new plant-trait database as a tool for plant invasion ecology. Diversity & Distributions 10:363-365.


Brändle M, Durka W, Krug H, Brandl R (2003) The assembly of a local flora and fauna: Plants and birds in non-reclaimed mining sites. Ecography 26:652-660.

Maurer K, Durka W, Stöcklin J (2003) Frequency of plant species in remnants of calcareous grassland and their dispersal and persistence characteristics. Basic and Applied Ecology 4:307-316.


Klotz S, Kühn I, Durka W (eds) (2002) BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland, Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde Vol. 38; Bonn. BIOLFLOR

Durka W (2002) Blüten- und Reproduktionsbiologie. In: Klotz S, Kühn I, Durka W (eds) BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland, Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde Vol. 38, pp. 133-175. Bonn

Durka W (2002) Chromosomenzahlen, Ploidiestufen und DNA-Gehalte. In: Klotz S, Kühn I, Durka W (eds) BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland, Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde Vol. 38, pp. 57-73. Bonn

Durka W
(2002) Phylogenie der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands. In: Klotz S, Kühn I, Durka W (eds) BIOLFLOR - Eine Datenbank mit biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen zur Flora von Deutschland, Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde Vol. 38, pp. 75-91. Bonn

Prinzing A, Durka W, Klotz S, Brandl R (2002) Geographic variability of ecological niches of plant species: are competition and stress relevant? Ecography 25:721-729.

Prinzing A, Durka W, Klotz S, Brandl R (2002) Which species become aliens? Evolutionary Ecology Research 4:385-405.


Prinzing A, Durka W, Klotz S, Brandl R (2001) The niche of higher plants: evidence for phylogenetic conservatism. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 268:2383-2389.


Brändle M, Durka W, Altmoos M (2000) Biodiversity of surface dwelling beetles in open-cast lignite mines in Central Germany. Biodiversity and Conservation 9:1297-1311.

Durka W (2000) Die Bedeutung der populationsgenetischen Struktur für den Artenschutz am Beispiel der Stromtalart Corrigiola litoralis L. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde 32:61-71.

Klotz S, Durka W, Schmidt T (2000) Vegetationsstruktur und -dynamik auf ehemaligen Bergbaustandorten in Mitteldeutschland und ihre Bedeutung für die Renaturierung. Rundgespräche der Kommission für Ökologie 20:43-51.

pre 2000

Durka W (1999) Genetic diversity in peripheral and subcentral populations of Corrigiola litoralis L. (Illecebraceae). Heredity 83:476-484.