Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1002/ece3.1155
Title (Primary) Choosing and using diversity indices: insights for ecological applications from the German Biodiversity Exploratories
Author Morris, E.K.; Caruso, T.; Buscot, F.; Fischer, M.; Hancock, C.; Maier, T.S.; Meiners, T.; Müller, C.; Obermaier, E.; Prati, D.; Socher, S.A.; Sonnemann, I.; Wäschke, N.; Wubet, T. ORCID logo ; Wurst, S.; Rillig, M.C.
Source Titel Ecology and Evolution
Year 2014
Department BOOEK; iDiv
Volume 4
Issue 18
Page From 3514
Page To 3524
Language englisch
Keywords Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; arthropods; Berger–Parker; chemical diversity; Hill's powers; molecular diversity; plant diversity; Plantago lanceolata ; Shannon index; Simpson's index
UFZ wide themes RU1
Abstract Biodiversity, a multidimensional property of natural systems, is difficult to quantify partly because of the multitude of indices proposed for this purpose. Indices aim to describe general properties of communities that allow us to compare different regions, taxa, and trophic levels. Therefore, they are of fundamental importance for environmental monitoring and conservation, although there is no consensus about which indices are more appropriate and informative. We tested several common diversity indices in a range of simple to complex statistical analyses in order to determine whether some were better suited for certain analyses than others. We used data collected around the focal plant Plantago lanceolata on 60 temperate grassland plots embedded in an agricultural landscape to explore relationships between the common diversity indices of species richness (S), Shannon's diversity (H'), Simpson's diversity (D1), Simpson's dominance (D2), Simpson's evenness (E), and Berger–Parker dominance (BP). We calculated each of these indices for herbaceous plants, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, aboveground arthropods, belowground insect larvae, and P. lanceolata molecular and chemical diversity. Including these trait-based measures of diversity allowed us to test whether or not they behaved similarly to the better studied species diversity. We used path analysis to determine whether compound indices detected more relationships between diversities of different organisms and traits than more basic indices. In the path models, more paths were significant when using H', even though all models except that with E were equally reliable. This demonstrates that while common diversity indices may appear interchangeable in simple analyses, when considering complex interactions, the choice of index can profoundly alter the interpretation of results. Data mining in order to identify the index producing the most significant results should be avoided, but simultaneously considering analyses using multiple indices can provide greater insight into the interactions in a system.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Morris, E.K., Caruso, T., Buscot, F., Fischer, M., Hancock, C., Maier, T.S., Meiners, T., Müller, C., Obermaier, E., Prati, D., Socher, S.A., Sonnemann, I., Wäschke, N., Wubet, T., Wurst, S., Rillig, M.C. (2014):
Choosing and using diversity indices: insights for ecological applications from the German Biodiversity Exploratories
Ecol. Evol. 4 (18), 3514 - 3524 10.1002/ece3.1155