Open Access/Open Science

Goals of the Berliner Erklärung on Open Access to scientific knowledge:

"Our mission of disseminating knowledge is only half complete if the information is not made widely and readily available to society. New possibilities of knowledge dissemination not only through the classical form but also and increasingly through the open access paradigm via the Internet have to be supported. We define open access as a comprehensive source of human knowledge and cultural heritage that has been approved by the scientific community.

In order to realize the vision of a global and accessible representation of knowledge, the future Web has to be sustainable, interactive, and transparent. Content and software tools must be openly accessible and compatible."

Link to the Berliner Erklärung

Open Science aims to encourage an open exchange of scientific information. This includes access to scientific literature, research data und scientific software which should be provided free of charge and with no technical or legal restrictions.

There are two ways for open access to scientific literature: Gold Open Access and Green Open Access.
Gold OA means a first publication in an Open Access journal which provides the articles free of charge. To comply with quality standards and to fund the publication process authors have to pay article processing charges (APC).

Publishing Green OA means to provide a second version of an publication in a closed-access journal. In most cases publishers allow a publication of the final draft of an accepted manuscript in an institutional or disciplinary repository under certain circumstances. The SHERPA/RoMEO-List gives an overview of legal restrictions of most publishers.

OA Publication Roads
Translated from source: Christoph Bruch (Helmholtz Open Science Office). “Open Access: grüner/goldener Weg”. Creative-Commons „Attribution 4.0 International“ (CC BY 4.0):
Publishing OA brings some advantages with it:

  • Greater international recognition for the UFZ as a result of more citation/ full text hits with Google and other search engines
  • Wider distribution of the UFZ’s scientific results
  • More frequent citation due to easier access to the full text
  • The UFZ’s / the scientist’s profile is enhanced
  • Green OA still makes it possible to publish in high-ranking journals

OA/OS in the Helmholtz Association

The Helmholtz Community promotes Open Science, i.e. the open access to scientific knowledge, its verifiability and usage as well as its implementation in society and thus continues the process that was initiated back in 2003 with the signing of the „Berlin Declaration on the open access to scientific knowledge“. To promote the development to Open Science, it is necessary to create excellent basic conditions for digital science. One is the Helmholtz Open Science Office which supports the Open Access transformation for all research centers. The Open Access Policy of 2016 and as well contains useful information and advices on the publication process.

Creative Commons licences (CC-licences)

Creative Commons (CC) is a nonprofit organization that helps authors with the free distribution of otherwise copyrighted work by providing public copyright licences. CC has six different types of standard licences that condition the legal terms of distribution. In terms of Open Science CC BY is the recommended licence to ensure free usage of a publication.

In the Intranet there is a publication policy to give some information about handling of publications Please note that there is currently an update in progress.

Gold Open Access

When publishing in an Open Access journal the author gets charged with article processing charges (APC). Regarding that it should be ensured that the journal is of adequate quality – a help for that is the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) which lists reliable journals. Since the upcoming of OA there are some black sheep among the journals. That is why there is also a directory that lists them, the directory of the so-called predatory journals.

Green Open Access

Green Open Access refers to the so-called secondary publication (post print). As in the past, authors publish their work in "traditional" peer-reviewed journals, but with the permission of the publisher, the article is then published a second time in an institutional repository (an electronic reprints collection of the institute) and therefore made accessible on the Internet. Many publishers agree to secondary publication in an institutional repository with the adherence to certain restrictions. An overview of these publishers is provided by the SHERPA/Romeo-List.

Library support for financing Open Access at the UFZ

The library of the UFZ funds Open Access publications under certain circumstances. For further information please check subitem Library services/Open Access funding by the library of the UFZ.

Record in the publications index

A compilation of all those publications by UFZ-employees that were published during their scientific work at the UFZ is a main responsibility of the library as well as the preparation of these for the internet. In order to record a publication in our institutional repository please send a copy of your publication with the respective POF-number to

Library support for financing Open Access at the UFZ

For publication funding by the library the main affiliation of the corresponding author to the UFZ is crucial.

Publications in Fully Open Access-Journals will be funded as long as they are listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). We recommend to sign Creative Commons license CC BY (Attribution).

Besides Open Access-articles eligible to be published under the DEAL agreements with Wiley and Springer Nature as well as the transformative agreement with Nature will be also funded by the library. Included are both, fully Open Access and Hybrid Journals. More details in subitem Agreements of Project DEAL.

Funded are only article processing charges (APC), additional charges such as color charges, costs for special covers or costs for overlengths are not included.

Beginning 2023 the UFZ takes part in the project KOALA. That means, that Open Access publications in the journals Gender, sub/urban, Open Gender Journal und Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung of the KOALA Social Sciences 2023 do not occasion costs per publication but get funded via a collaborative approach according to the principles of Diamond Open Access. Detailed information can be found on the website of project KOALA.

Eligible for funding are also Open Access monographs as long as the editors are affiliated to the UFZ and the publication meets the Recommendations on quality standards for the open access provision of books. Please contact us as early as possible if you plan to publish an Open Access monograph.

In connection with the central promotion of publication fees at the publishing house MDPI, there are critical opinions and controversies again and again. We have compiled some MDPI information about this in a collection of facts.

Consultation on Open Science/Open Access

Please do not hesitate to contact us if there are any issues regarding Open Science or Open Access. Whether you have questions about the right of secondary publication, Creative Commons licenses, the Copyright Clearance Center or other aspects of Open Access and Open Science we would be happy to get you the information you are looking for.

Publishing Open Access in the publications index of the UFZ

We as the library of the UFZ are responsible for recording all publications of UFZ scientists in our repository. In terms of secure free access to those publications we upload your articles that were published in Open Access journals. Besides we grant access to final drafts of publications in closed access journals as soon as we are allowed due to right of secondary publication and embargos of the respective publisher.

Projekt DEAL as an institution of the German Rectors' Conference aims to negotiate agreements with commercial publishers for German research institutions, universities and also state and regional libraries. These agreements shall ensure permanent access to the publisher's portfolio of journals and also allow authors of participating institutions to publish Open Access. In order to sign and manage these "publish and read" agreements the Max Planck Digital Library (MPDL) Services GmbH was founded.

Agreement with Wiley

On January 15, 2019 an agreement was signed between publisher Wiley and MPDL Services GmbH. The most important articles are:

  • Duration: since 2019, extended until 31.12.2023
  • Included journals: Complete portfolio (Backfiles from 1997 forward); List of included journals
  • Publishing: OnlineOpen in closed access journals and Open Access in Gold Open Access journals
  • PAR-fee: 2.750 €, Gold Open Access articles may benefit from discounts

For further information please visit the website of Projekt DEAL.

Agreement with Springer Nature

The second agreement by Project DEAL was signed on January 8, 2020 with publisher Springer Nature.

  • Duration: 2020 - 2023
  • Included journals: about 1.900 journals of Springer; not included are technical journals and most Nature journals; List of included journals
  • Publishing: Open Access in approximately 1.900 closed access journals (reference date is online publication date); publications in Gold Open Access journals will be covered by the agreement beginning August 1, 2020
  • PAR-fee: 2.750 € per published Research Article; 917 € per Non-Research Article

For further information please visit the website of Projekt DEAL.

Since January 2021 there is an amandment to the agreement with Springer Nature, so that Open Access publications in Nature branded journals are also covered by the library. Please visit the website for this agreement for further information and a list of included journals.

Implementation at the UFZ

All Open Access publications on Wiley or Springer Nature will be funded by the library of the UFZ as long as following conditions are fulfilled:

  • Publishing your article Open Access is mandatory. We recommend to sign Creative Commons License CC BY (Attribution).
  • Included are Gold Open Access journals or subscription journals that are covered by the DEAL agreement.
  • The corresponding author has to be affiliated to the UFZ.
  • Please note that additional charges such as page charges are not part of the DEAL agreement.
  • Author guide of Wiley
  • Springer Nature: Publications in Gold Open Access journals (BiomedCentral, Springer Open and Nature) are covered by the agreement beginning August 1, 2020
  • Author guide of Springer Nature
  • Nature Transformative Agreement for Germany

Please do not hesitate to contact us if there are any questions left.