Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/rec.13608
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Nitrogen limitation reduces the performance of target plant species in restored meadows
Author Klein-Raufhake, T.; Höfner, J. ORCID logo ; Hölzel, N.; Knorr, K.-H.; Lampei, C.; Mudrák, O.; Bucharova, A.
Source Titel Restoration Ecology
Year 2022
Department BZF
Volume 30
Issue 7
Page From e13608
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords functional traits; grassland; N:P ratio; population; regional seeds; restoration
Abstract Restoring habitats degraded by intensive agriculture is challenging, and the resulting communities often have lower quality and host fewer species than reference ecosystems. To improve restoration outputs, we need to understand what limits both establishment and performance of target species in restored populations. In this study, we focused on grassland restoration with regional seeds and compared the performance of two target herbs, Betonica officinalis and Centaurea jacea, between restored and reference populations. We also measured plant functional traits and environmental characteristics to understand which parameters affect population performance. Individual plants of both species were smaller in restored populations, which indicates reduced performance. Leaves of plants from restored populations contained more δ15N and, in Betonica, also less nitrogen and higher C:N ratio, which suggests that the performance of the target species may be limited by nitrogen. Nitrogen limitation of all restored communities was further corroborated by the low N:P ratio of bulk biomass. In Centaurea, we also recorded massive herbivory damage in restored populations, which likely further reduced this species' performance in restored meadows. In summary, target plants in restored populations showed lower performance than conspecifics in reference sites, probably due to nutrient imbalance (low nitrogen availability) and excessive herbivory damage.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Klein-Raufhake, T., Höfner, J., Hölzel, N., Knorr, K.-H., Lampei, C., Mudrák, O., Bucharova, A. (2022):
Nitrogen limitation reduces the performance of target plant species in restored meadows
Restor. Ecol. 30 (7), e13608 10.1111/rec.13608