Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/oik.07213
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts
Author Weise, H.; Auge, H. ORCID logo ; Baessler, C.; Bärlund, I.; Bennett, E.M.; Berger, U.; Bohn, F.; Bonn, A. ORCID logo ; Borchardt, D.; Brand, F.; Chatzinotas, A.; Corstanje, R.; De Laender, F.; Dietrich, P. ORCID logo ; Dunker, S.; Durka, W. ORCID logo ; Fazey, I.; Groeneveld, J.; Guilbaud, C.S.E.; Harms, H.; Harpole, S. ORCID logo ; Harris, J.; Jax, K.; Jeltsch, F.; Johst, K.; Joshi, J.; Klotz, S.; Kühn, I. ORCID logo ; Kuhlicke, C.; Müller, B. ORCID logo ; Radchuk, V.; Reuter, H.; Rinke, K.; Schmitt-Jansen, M.; Seppelt, R.; Singer, A.; Standish, R.J.; Thulke, H.-H. ORCID logo ; Tietjen, B.; Weitere, M.; Wirth, C.; Wolf, C.; Grimm, V.
Source Titel Oikos
Year 2020
Volume 129
Issue 4
Page From 445
Page To 456
Language englisch
Keywords resilience; ecosystems; concepts; ecosystem services provisioning; management
Abstract Ensuring ecosystem resilience is an intuitive approach to safeguard the functioning of ecosystems and hence the future provisioning of ecosystem services (ES). However, resilience is a multi‐faceted concept that is difficult to operationalize. Focusing on resilience mechanisms, such as diversity, network architectures or adaptive capacity, has recently been suggested as means to operationalize resilience. Still, the focus on mechanisms is not specific enough. We suggest a conceptual framework, resilience trinity, to facilitate management based on resilience mechanisms in three distinctive decision contexts and time‐horizons: 1) reactive, when there is an imminent threat to ES resilience and a high pressure to act, 2) adjustive, when the threat is known in general but there is still time to adapt management, and 3) provident, when time horizons are very long and the nature of the threats is uncertain, leading to a low willingness to act. Resilience has different interpretations and implications at these different time horizons, which also prevail in different disciplines. Social ecology, ecology, and engineering are often implicitly focussing on provident, adjustive, or reactive resilience, respectively, but these different notions of resilience and their corresponding social, ecological, and economic tradeoffs need to be reconciled. Otherwise, we keep risking unintended consequences of reactive actions, or shying away from provident action because of uncertainties that cannot be reduced. The suggested trinity of time horizons and their decision contexts could help ensuring that longer‐term management actions are not missed while urgent threats to ES are given priority.
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Weise, H., Auge, H., Baessler, C., Bärlund, I., Bennett, E.M., Berger, U., Bohn, F., Bonn, A., Borchardt, D., Brand, F., Chatzinotas, A., Corstanje, R., De Laender, F., Dietrich, P., Dunker, S., Durka, W., Fazey, I., Groeneveld, J., Guilbaud, C.S.E., Harms, H., Harpole, S., Harris, J., Jax, K., Jeltsch, F., Johst, K., Joshi, J., Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Kuhlicke, C., Müller, B., Radchuk, V., Reuter, H., Rinke, K., Schmitt-Jansen, M., Seppelt, R., Singer, A., Standish, R.J., Thulke, H.-H., Tietjen, B., Weitere, M., Wirth, C., Wolf, C., Grimm, V. (2020):
Resilience trinity: safeguarding ecosystem functioning and services across three different time horizons and decision contexts
Oikos 129 (4), 445 - 456 10.1111/oik.07213