Prof. Dr. Antonis Chatzinotas
CV / Scientific Career
since 01/2020 Full Professor Microbial Interaction Ecology, Leipzig University
since 11/2007 Group Leader Microbial Systems Ecology, UFZ
(new name from January 2020 on: Microbial Interaction Ecology)
2004-2007 Scientist, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ
1999-2004 Post-Doc, EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland
1996-2000 PhD, ETHZ Zürich, Switzerland
1995/96 Research visit to the University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
1995 Diploma in Biology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany
I am interested in understanding the diversity and functioning of microbial communities (bacteria, protists, viruses, predatory bacteria) in natural and engineered ecosystems (soil, freshwater, wastewater; host associated). My research addresses amongst others(i) the response of microbial communities and functions to environmental change and human activities,
(ii) the interactions within and between different trophic levels (bacteria, eukaryotic (micro)organisms, viruses, predatory bacteria),
(iii) the evaluation of ecological and evolutionary theories in microbial ecology.
The aim of these studies is not only to increase our knowledge regarding the phylogenetic and functional diversity of microorganisms, but also to better understand the role of interactions between different trophic levels (bacteria, protists, viruses, and plants) for ecosystem functioning under changing environmental conditions. Tracking and conserving biodiversity e.g., in soil could be a key to biodiversity protection strategies.
In the course of the COVID19-pandemic we shifted some of our capacities towards the monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater as an early warning system for the stpread of SARS-CoV-2 in a population.
Microbial diversity and functioning
We are studying how environmental parameters and human activities affect microbial communities (bacteria, protists, viruses, predatory bacteria), their functions and distribution in ecosystems. These impacts include e.g. industrial pollution, land use gradients or extrem weather events. Analyses are mainly based on cultivation-independent methods including high throughput sequencing and omics-approaches, but require in some cases also alternative cultivation approaches. Functional bacterial groups involved e.g. in the degradation of pollutants are identified by applying 13C-labelled substrates and stable isotope probing (SIP).
Guerra et al. (2021): Tracking, targeting, and conserving soil biodiversity. Science, 371: 239-241
Kallies et al. (2019): Evaluation of sequencing library preparation protocols for viral metagenomic analsis form pristine aquifer groundwaters. Viruses 11 (6), 484
Cohen et al (2019): Bacteria and microeukaryotes are differently segregated in sympatric wastewater microhabitats. Environmental Microbiology 21: 1757-1770
Ecology and evolution of interactions within and between different trophic levels.
Understanding the interactions within the same and between different trophic levels is required for a full comprehension of of microbial communities and processes, particularly in response to changes in their abiotic and biotic environment. Next to working on field sites, we establish microbial model systems in the lab to address key ecological principles in the context of climate change or co-evolutionary dynamics. Such model systems enable a high degree of replication and experimental control and are helpful to test the applicability of ecological and evolutionary concepts and theories.