Interval Study „Housing and Living in Leipzig-Grünau 2015“
Tenth Survey within the Longitudinal Study since 1979
Large housing estates provide a home for a significant portion of the urban population. From an environmental perspective, large housing estates have many advantages, for example, the high population density in a small area results in reduced land consumption and therefore, less impervious surfaces, while increasing green and open spaces.
In the city of Leipzig about 15% of the inhabitants live in this kind of estate. In the large housing estate Leipzig-Grünau which is one of the biggest in eastern Germany, presently live about 41,000 inhabitants.
Urban researchers at the UFZ carried out the tenth residential survey in Leipzig-Grünau, from May till June 2015. This survey continues a longitudinal study which has existed since 1979, analyzing the socio-demographic and urbanistic development of this large housing estate. In the core of the study are the perspectives and reflections of the residents concerning their housing conditions. The survey was accompanied by expert interviews, the use of documents and statistical material, photo documentation and observations.
Relying on a well-developed and tested methodological design we reached a high response rate of the questionnaires. This allows us to generate well-grounded results, and gather detailed knowledge about housing and living in this large estate. Using these outcomes we formulate proposals how to grasp and solve problems and thus improve the local living conditions. We deliver our results to urban planners and politicians, housing enterprises, local initiatives and to the Grünau residents.
The Interval Study started in 1979. Since that time nine surveys have been carried out in 1981, 1983, 1987, 1992, 1995, 2000, 2004 und 2009. The new survey in 2015 applies the central indicators which have already been used in the surveys before. These are questions concerning the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of the residents, dealing with housing mobility or settledness, residential satisfaction and the image of the district. In addition, new topics are included. They are linked with the new housing concept of the city of Leipzig and the new district development plan for Grünau. Furthermore, we had to consider the recent population growth after a long period of population decline.
The following topics gain importance within the survey:
- Perception and assessment of socio-spatial segregation and its impact on settledness or migration decisions
- Differentiation features describing the spatial parts of the estate and its potentials
- Potentials of social infrastructure facilities such as the planned new education center or health center with particular focus on health promotion of children
- Social integration of migrants and refugees.
The study was supported by local institutions and initiatives in Grünau. Furthermore it is accompanied by the City of Leipzig, Department of Urban Renewal (ASW). The district newsletter “Grün-As” provided information about the preparationand the realization of the study and also published the results.
The study was supported by donations of Sparkasse Leipzig, Regionaler Planungsverband Leipzig-Westsachsen and Kulturstiftung Hohenmölsen.
Kabisch, S., Ueberham, M. & M. Söding (2016)
Grünau 2015. Ergebnisse der Einwohnerbefragung im Rahmen der Intervallstudie „Wohnen und Leben in Grünau“. UFZ-Bericht 02/2016, Leipzig. Download (PDF, german, research report Grünau 2015)
Kabisch, S., Ueberham, M. & M. Söding (2016):
40 Jahre Stadtteil Grünau – 36 Jahre „Intervallstudie Grünau“ (Teil 1). In: Stadt Leipzig, Amt für Statistik und Wahlen. Statistischer Quartalsbericht I/2016: 33-36. Download (PDF, german)
Kabisch, S., Ueberham, M. & M. Söding (2016):
40 Jahre Stadtteil Grünau – 36 Jahre „Intervallstudie Grünau“ (Teil 2). In: Stadt Leipzig, Amt für Statistik und Wahlen. Statistischer Quartalsbericht II/2016: 29-32. Download (PDF, german)
Großmann, K., Kabisch, N. & S. Kabisch (2016)
Understanding the social development of a post-socialist large housing estate: The case of Leipzig-Grünau in eastern Germany in long-term perspective.
Eur. Urban Reg. Stud. Full text (PDF)
Kabisch, S., Rink, D. (2015)
Governing Shrinkage of Large Housing Estates at the Fringe. In: Hamel, P., Keil, R. (Eds.), Suburban Governance: A Global View, Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 198-215
Kabisch, S., Großmann, K. (2013)
Challenges for large housing estates in light of population decline and ageing: Results of a long-term survey in East Germany. In: Habitat International 39 (2013) 232-239. Full text (PDF)
Political statements (in German)
"Die Platte im Aufwind"
Article on Grünau from Carolyn Wissing (Einundleipzig), incl. video-interview with Prof. Dr. Sigrun Kabisch.
Interview − Prof. Dr. Sigrun Kabisch talks about the development and today's setting of Grünau: