Pictures from Leipzig-Grünau

GRÜNAU 2020

Results of the Resident Survey
as Part of the Interval Study
„Housing and Living in Leipzig-Grünau“



Duration

2020 − 2021


Cover UFZ-Report 1/2021

Selected Results of the Resident Survey

Feeling Comfortable in Grünau from a Long-Term Perspective
As in every survey, the following question was asked in 2020: “Do you feel comfortable in Grünau?” 59% of the respondents answered with “yes”. 38% reported that they feel comfortable in the district, but with restrictions. 3% answered with “no”. The long-term comparison shows that the degree of approval for feeling comfortable in Grünau is still very high. Above all, extensive green spaces, connected to silence, good transport connections and well-developed infrastructure facilities are mentioned as positive factors. The restrictions relate to perceived impairments of social togetherness, perceived security deficits as well as uncleanliness and noise.

11th Survey of the Interval Study
"Housing and Living in Leipzig-Grünau"

The development of the large housing estate Leipzig-Grünau has been accompanied sociologically since 1979 as part of the interval study “Housing and Living in Leipzig-Grünau”. At the center of this long-term study is the residents’ perspective on their living conditions and the social environment. Between 1979 and 2015, ten resident surveys were conducted. The 11th survey took place in early summer 2020, after the first wave of the Covid-19-pandemic.

Zeitleiste 1979-2020 The central topics of the interval study relate to residential satisfaction, mobility and place attachment, infrastructure facilities, the image of the district as well as the socio-demographic characteristic of the residents. In each survey, current issues were additionally considered. In the recent investigation of 2020, this concerns the following topics: the differentiation within Grünau based on small-scale analyses, challenges of the integration of migrants and refugees, the diversity of the ownership structure and its effects on the residential locations, the adaptation to the climate change, dealing with extreme events and the consequences of the Covid-19-pandemic.

The core of the study is a representative questionnaire survey. Therefore, the questionnaires are distributed to the same addresses in each survey (“Address-Panel”). Based on a tested methodological design, a very high return rate is always achieved (2020: 73%).

The resident survey was supplemented by expert interviews (e.g. with representatives of housing companies), a photo documentation, the evaluation of statistical material as well as field observations and an extensive map series. Furthermore, the perceptions and assessments of migrants and refugees, who came to Grünau since 2015/2016, were given special consideration. In order to highlight their view on their living environment, several group discussions and individual interviews were conducted.

Based on this mix of methods, results are presented that support a factual argumentation regarding the future prospects of the large housing estate Leipzig-Grünau. Of particular value are the results that are comparable over a long period of time and provide information about the dynamics, stabilities and required actions. In addition, the analyses related to different spatial scales (district, housing complex, smaller units) enable small-scale and targeted statements and recommendations.

The scientific results are available to Leipzig's urban policy, city administration and planning institutions, the interested housing companies and local initiatives. In the district magazine “Grün-As”, articles on the implementation of the survey and on selected results can be read repeatedly. At public events, the results are discussed with the Grünau residents.

Here you find the research report:


Publications

Kabisch, S., Pößneck, J. (2021): Grünau 2020. Ergebnisse der Bewohnerbefragung im Rahmen der Intervallstudie „Wohnen und Leben in Leipzig-Grünau“. UFZ-Bericht 1/2021, Leipzig. Download (PDF, German, research report Grünau 2020)

Kabisch, S. (2021): Wohnen in der Großwohnsiedlung. In: Eckardt, F., Meier, S. (Hrsg.): Handbuch Wohnsoziologie: Prozesse, Räume und Kontexte des Wohnens. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien. Online (DOI)

Kabisch, S., Poessneck, J., Soeding, M., Schlink, U. (2021): Measuring residential satisfaction over time: results from a unique long-term study of a large housing estate. Hous. Stud. Full text (DOI)

Kabisch, S. (2020): Großwohnsiedlung als sozialistisches Wohnmodell und dessen Karriere: Das Beispiel Leipzig-Grünau. In: Breckner, I., Göschel, A., Matthiesen, U. (Hrsg.): Stadtsoziologie und Stadtentwicklung: Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Praxis. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 283-294. Online (DOI)

Kabisch, S. (2020): Großwohnsiedlungen - Herausforderungen und Zukunftschancen im deutsch-tschechisch-polnischen Vergleich. In: Wékel, J. (Hrsg.): Stadt denken 4. Berlin: Deutsche Akademie für Städtebau und Landesplanung (DASL), 107-118. Online (URL)

Kabisch, S. (2019): Leipzig‐Grünau: Dynamiken und Persistenzen einer Großwohnsiedlung. In: Pasternack, P. (ed.): Das andere Bauhaus-Erbe. Leben in den Plattenbausiedlungen heute, Berlin: BWV – Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, 85-98.

Kabisch, S. (2019): Leipzig-Grünau. In: John, U., von Hehl, U. (eds.), Geschichte der Stadt Leipzig; Band 4: Vom Ersten Weltkrieg bis zur Gegenwart. Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag, 852-856.

Kabisch, S., Ueberham, M., Söding, M. (2018): Dynamiken der Großwohnsiedlung Leipzig-Grünau aus Bewohnersicht in der Langzeitperspektive. In: Altrock, U., Grunze, N., Kabisch, S. (eds.): Großwohnsiedlungen im Haltbarkeitscheck: differenzierte Perspektiven ostdeutscher Großwohnsiedlungen. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 119-143. Online (DOI)

Kabisch, S., Ueberham, M., Schlink, U., Hertel, D., Mohamdeen, A.M.S. (2018): Local residential quality from an interdisciplinary perspective: combining individual perception and micrometeorological factors. In: Kabisch, S., Koch, F., Gawel, E., Haase, A., Knapp, S., Krellenberg, K., Nivala, J., Zehnsdorf, A. (eds.): Urban transformations − Sustainable urban development through resource efficiency, quality of life and resilience, Future City 10. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 235-255. Online (DOI)

Kabisch, S., Ueberham, M., Söding, M. (2016): Grünau 2015. Ergebnisse der Einwohnerbefragung im Rahmen der Intervallstudie „Wohnen und Leben in Grünau“. UFZ-Bericht 02/2016, Leipzig. Download (PDF, German, research report Grünau 2015)

Kabisch, S., Ueberham, M., Söding, M. (2016): 40 Jahre Stadtteil Grünau – 36 Jahre „Intervallstudie Grünau“ (Teil 1). In: Stadt Leipzig, Amt für Statistik und Wahlen. Statistischer Quartalsbericht I/2016: 33-36. Download (PDF, German)

Kabisch, S., Ueberham, M., Söding, M. (2016): 40 Jahre Stadtteil Grünau – 36 Jahre „Intervallstudie Grünau“ (Teil 2). In: Stadt Leipzig, Amt für Statistik und Wahlen. Statistischer Quartalsbericht II/2016: 29-32. Download (PDF, German)

Großmann, K., Kabisch, N., Kabisch, S. (2016): Understanding the social development of a post-socialist large housing estate: The case of Leipzig-Grünau in eastern Germany in long-term perspective.
Eur. Urban Reg. Stud. Full text (PDF)

Kabisch, S., Rink, D. (2015): Governing Shrinkage of Large Housing Estates at the Fringe. In: Hamel, P., Keil, R. (eds.), Suburban Governance: A Global View, Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 198-215

Kabisch, S., Großmann, K. (2013): Challenges for large housing estates in light of population decline and ageing: Results of a long-term survey in East Germany. In: Habitat International 39 (2013) 232-239. Full text (PDF)


Research reports of the past surveys (in German)


Videos 

"Die Platte im Aufwind"
Article on Grünau from Carolyn Wissing (Einundleipzig), incl. video-interview with Prof. Dr. Sigrun Kabisch.

Interview − Prof. Dr. Sigrun Kabisch talks about the development and today's setting of Grünau: