Planetary Health Model for the Reduction
of Heat Stress on the Neighbourhood Level
Increasing weather extremes are affecting mankind to an ever greater extent. Especially in cities, the effects of climate change, land use changes and demographic change overlap like under a "burning glass" and influence human health. Due to the diverse urban built-up structures and socio-spatial characteristics, individual health risks are heterogeneously distributed. Their precise analysis requires a local approach. Therefore, in this project, heat stress is investigated at the neighbourhood level. It focuses on the interactions and interdependencies between human health and natural systems. This new approach, referred to as "Planetary Health", is highly interdisciplinary oriented. In our project, we combine micrometeorological modeling with social science analysis.
Our project picks up at this point and aims to pursue the following questions:
(1) Which adaptation scenarios towards heat stress in the neighborhood can be derived from the combination of micrometeorological simulations and social science survey results? In this context, it is also necessary to clarify which characteristics of heat stress can be identified at different urban scales, since such detailed analyses are generally lacking at the meter scale, and especially at the neighbourhood level.
(2) For heat stress, a Planetary Health Model will be developed to identify key factors, which on the one hand allow to give practical recommendations to reduce the individual exposure of the population and on the other hand ensure an easy transferability to other cities. Different groups of residents will be considered in order to be able to propose differentiated behavioral adaptations accordingly.
Starting from the city perspective, the causes and effects of heat stress will be identified for different types of neighbourhoods in Leipzig. For this purpose, 2 contrasting neighbourhoods will be considered: 1. the large housing estate ‘Leipzig – Grünau’ on the western outskirts of the city and 2. an intra-urban neighbourhood. An internal differentiation is made according to different socio-demographic groups and their perception of heat stress. Various adaptation measures are simulated and evaluated with a "state-of-the-art" urban climate model.
The findings will be demonstrated to municipal stakeholders and representatives of SMEs in the UFZ's visualization center (VisLab). Figure 1 shows an example of a 3D visualization for a test simulation. This method allows to test different scenarios and their fit and thus to derive practice-relevant conclusions for the further improvement of a climate-adapted neighbourhood development.