Ecological-Economic Modelling

Results from the EcoTRADE project (see project link below). To the left: Snapshot of the multiplayer online game developed to demonstrate the functioning of a market for tradable land-use permits. To the right: Agent-based simulation of a permit market. Depending on the economic dynamics and market rules different spatio-temporal land-use patterns emerge.

Most of the world's ecosystems are affected by human activities, be it indirectly e.g. through human-induced climate change or directly e.g. through land clearing and harvesting of resources. The conservation of biodiversity and the maintenance of ecosystem services therefore have an ecological as well as an economic dimension. Deriving strategies to conserve biodiversity and use the resources of ecosystems in a sustainable manner requires the integrated consideration of both these dimensions. Ecological-economic modelling has been proven to be an effective method for integrating ecology and economics. The Department of Ecological Modelling applies ecological-economic modelling in two research fields. The first is the sustainable use of renewable resources, especially in semi-arid regions where ecologically and economically viable grazing strategies are analysed. The second is the design of cost-effective market-based instruments for the conservation of biodiversity, such as payments for environmental measures and tradable land use permits. The research is carried out in collaboration with economists from the Department of Economics at the UFZ and from other institutions. Sometimes the Department of Ecological Modelling itself hosts economic modellers. 

Selected Publications

  • Drechsler, M., Wätzold, F., Johst, K., Bergmann, H., Settele, J. (2007):
    A model-based approach for designing cost-effective compensation payments for conservation of endangered species in real landscapes
    Biol.Conserv. 140 (1-2), 174-186
  • Quaas, M., Baumgärtner, S., Becker, C., Frank, K., Müller, B. (2007):
    Uncertainty and sustainability in the management of rangelands
    Ecol.Econ. 62 (2), 251-266
  • Wätzold, F., Drechsler, M., Armstrong, C. W., Baumgärtner, S., Grimm, V., Huth, A., Perrings, C., Possingham, H. P., Shogren, J. F., Skonhoft, A., Verboom-Vasiljev, J., Wissel, C. (2006):
    Ecological-economic modeling for biodiversity management: potential, pitfalls, and prospects
    Conserv.Biol. 20 (4), 1034-1041
  • Johst, K., Drechsler, M., Wätzold, F. (2002):
    An ecological-economic modelling procedure to design compensation payments for the efficient spatio-temporal allocation of species protection measures
    Ecol.Econ. 41 (1), 37-49
  • More publications




Einführung in die Modellierung ökologischer Systeme

3.-13. März 2015

Mehr Information :

Junior Research Group

„Global food security policies and their social-ecological side effects in regions prone to global change”