Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.idm.2023.04.007
Lizenz creative commons licence
Titel (primär) The relationship between controllability, optimal testing resource allocation, and incubation-latent period mismatch as revealed by COVID-19
Autor Demers, J.; Fagan, W.F.; Potluri, S.; Calabrese, J.M.
Quelle Infectious Disease Modelling
Erscheinungsjahr 2023
Department OESA
Band/Volume 8
Heft 2
Seite von 514
Seite bis 538
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords highlight; Testing quarantine control; Optimal resource allocation; Presymptomatic transmission; Latent period; Incubation period; Age of infection
Abstract The severe shortfall in testing supplies during the initial COVID-19 outbreak and ensuing struggle to manage the pandemic have affirmed the critical importance of optimal supply-constrained resource allocation strategies for controlling novel disease epidemics. To address the challenge of constrained resource optimization for managing diseases with complications like pre- and asymptomatic transmission, we develop an integro partial differential equation compartmental disease model which incorporates realistic latent, incubation, and infectious period distributions along with limited testing supplies for identifying and quarantining infected individuals. Our model overcomes the limitations of typical ordinary differential equation compartmental models by decoupling symptom status from model compartments to allow a more realistic representation of symptom onset and presymptomatic transmission. To analyze the influence of these realistic features on disease controllability, we find optimal strategies for reducing total infection sizes that allocate limited testing resources between ‘clinical’ testing, which targets symptomatic individuals, and ‘non-clinical’ testing, which targets non-symptomatic individuals. We apply our model not only to the original, delta, and omicron COVID-19 variants, but also to generically parameterized disease systems with varying mismatches between latent and incubation period distributions, which permit varying degrees of presymptomatic transmission or symptom onset before infectiousness. We find that factors that decrease controllability generally call for reduced levels of non-clinical testing in optimal strategies, while the relationship between incubation-latent mismatch, controllability, and optimal strategies is complicated. In particular, though greater degrees of presymptomatic transmission reduce disease controllability, they may increase or decrease the role of non-clinical testing in optimal strategies depending on other disease factors like transmissibility and latent period length. Importantly, our model allows a spectrum of diseases to be compared within a consistent framework such that lessons learned from COVID-19 can be transferred to resource constrained scenarios in future emerging epidemics and analyzed for optimality.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Demers, J., Fagan, W.F., Potluri, S., Calabrese, J.M. (2023):
The relationship between controllability, optimal testing resource allocation, and incubation-latent period mismatch as revealed by COVID-19
Infect. Dis. Model. 8 (2), 514 - 538 10.1016/j.idm.2023.04.007