Integrated Water Resources Management, Model Region Mongolia


The objective of the project ‘Integrated Water Resources Management for Central Asia: Model Region Mongolia (MoMo)’ is to implement an Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in Mongolia. The basic concept of the project is an integrated view of all water uses and protection of freshwater resources including the development of measures and their implementation using trans-disciplinary management approaches.

The IWRM strategies are being developed on three spatial scales:

  • for a specific river catchment (river Kharaa and the city of Darkhan) with a representative range of water problems (impact of global climate change, over-exploitation of water resources, diffuse pollution, mining, water supply and wastewater treatment in rural and urban areas, protection of ecological functions and nature conservation), which can be addressed in a meaningful way
  • for other river catchments in Mongolia
  • for other catchments in Central Asia.

The MoMo - Project has the following particular objectives:

  • Development of an IWRM which is appropriate to the situation in Mongolia and which will be summarized in a handbook on “IWRM in Mongolia”.
  • The suggested measures are to contribute to an effective improvement in the water resource management in the country.
  • Protection of the water resources and related ecological functions.
  • Sustainable supply of drinking water and wastewater treatment.
  • Multilateral and interdisciplinary cooperation.
  • Transferability.
  • Creating an opening for market opportunities for German technologies and know-how.
  • Knowledge and know-how transfer including implementation.

CLE scientists are involved in work package 1: Global change and water resources. Land and water use

Main tasks of the (land) group are (1) scenario development and (2) the development, of an integrated land-use model SITE-Mongolia.

(1) Scenario development:
We developed regional scenarios for the period 2007 – 2050, based on (i) regionalised Global scenarios (ii) national & regional information derived from available documents and experts, and (iii) a stakeholder process.

(2) Development of the modelling framework SITE-Mongolia:
Adaptation and amplification of the regional land-use model SITE-Mongolia to simulate land use and land cover dynamics of historical (1989 - 2006) and potential future changes, which are driven by a number of regional and national (=direct) drivers such as urbanisation, re-intensification of agriculture, industrialisation, etc. and national to global scale (=indirect) drivers such as climate change, national to global policies, cultural and life style changes, demographic change, etc.. Simulations with the SITE modelling framework are focussing on the major players in Mongolia involved in land-use change and water consumption (agriculture, animal husbandry the domestic sector, forestry, mining and industry).


Joerg Priess, CO-PI (land- & water-use, scenario development)

Christian Schweitzer, Project Scientist, PhD-Student



1st phase: 2006 - 2009
2nd phase: 2010 – 2013 (submitted)


Center for Environmental Systems Research
Fraunhofer Application Center System Technology Ilmenau
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries
Consulting Engineers Dr. Pecher & Partner (P&P)
Technical University Ilmenau

Mongolian Academy of Sciences – Institute of Geography
National University of Mongolia
Mongolian University of Science and Technology
University of Agriculture, Darkhan
Institut for Hydrology and Meteorology