|Climate change and grassland management interactively influence the population dynamics of Bromus erectus (Poaceae)
|Lemmer, J.; Andrzejak, M.; Compagnoni, A.; Knight, T.M.; Korell, L.
|Basic and Applied Ecology
|T5 Future Landscapes
|integral projection model; life table response experiment; grazing, mowing, grassland management; climate change experiment; plant population dynamics; elasticity analysis
|Climate and land management are important environmental drivers that affect the structure of terrestrial plant communities worldwide. Demographic studies allow a mechanistic understanding of the pathways in which environmental factors change population size. Climate and land management might interactively influence vital rates and growth rates of populations, however, demographic studies have not heretofore considered both factors in combination. We used the Global Change Experimental Facility as a platform to study the effect of climate (ambient climate conditions vs. future climate conditions) and land management (sheep grazing vs. mowing) on the demography of the common grass, Bromus erectus growing in semi-natural grassland communities. Using an integral projection model, we found positive population growth rates for B. erectus under all treatment combinations, and an interactive effect of climate and land management. Under ambient climate conditions, population growth of B. erectus was higher in mowed than grazed grassland plots, while population growth rates were similar across both management types under future climatic conditions. This interaction was primarily due to between-treatment changes in seedling recruitment, a vital rate to which the population growth rate is particularly sensitive. The interaction found in this study highlights the importance of considering multiple environmental drivers in demographic studies, to better predict future plant population dynamics and ultimately changes in community structure.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier
|Lemmer, J., Andrzejak, M., Compagnoni, A., Knight, T.M., Korell, L. (2021):
Climate change and grassland management interactively influence the population dynamics of Bromus erectus (Poaceae)
Basic Appl. Ecol. 56 , 226 - 238