Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.05.015
Document author version
Title (Primary) Community consequences of foraging under fear
Author Teckentrup, L.; Grimm, V.; Kramer-Schadt, S.; Jeltsch, F.
Journal Ecological Modelling
Year 2018
Department OESA
Volume 383
Page From 80
Page To 90
Language englisch
Keywords Predator-prey interactions; Individual-based model; Landscape of fear; Home range; Biodiversity; Foraging
Abstract Non-consumptive effects of predators within ecosystems can alter the behavior of individual prey species, and have cascading effects on other trophic levels. In this context, an understanding of non-consumptive predator effects on the whole prey community is crucial for predicting community structure and composition, hence biodiversity patterns. We used an individual-based, spatially-explicit modelling approach to investigate the consequences of landscapes of fear on prey community metrics. The model spans multiple hierarchical levels from individual home range formation based on food availability and perceived predation risk to consequences on prey community structure and composition. This mechanistic approach allowed us to explore how important factors such as refuge availability and foraging strategy under fear affect prey community metrics. Fear of predators affected prey space use, such as home range formation. These adaptations had broader consequences for the community leading to changes in community structure and composition. The strength of community responses to perceived predation risk was driven by refuge availability in the landscape and the foraging strategy of prey animals. Low refuge availability in the landscape strongly decreased diversity and total biomass of prey communities. Additionally, body mass distributions in prey communities facing high predation risk were shifted towards small prey animals. With increasing refuge availability the consequences of non-consumptive predator effects were reduced, diversity and total biomass of the prey community increased. Prey foraging strategies affected community composition. Under medium refuge availability, risk-averse prey communities consisted of many small animals while risk-taking prey communities showed a more even body mass distribution. Our findings reveal that non-consumptive predator effects can have important implications for prey community diversity and should therefore be considered in the context of conservation and nature management.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Teckentrup, L., Grimm, V., Kramer-Schadt, S., Jeltsch, F. (2018):
Community consequences of foraging under fear
Ecol. Model. 383 , 80 - 90