Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2021.106669
Volltext Akzeptiertes Manuskript
Titel (primär) Atmospheric washout of 35S during single rain events – Implications for 35S sampling schemes
Autor Schubert, M.; Weise, S.M.; Knöller, K.
Quelle Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Erscheinungsjahr 2021
Department CATHYD
Band/Volume 237
Seite von art. 106669
Sprache englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords 35S Input function; Short term variation; Groundwater residence time; Tracer
Abstract Cosmogenic radiosulfur (35S; half-life: 87.4 days) is transferred with the rain to the groundwater (as 35SO42−) and can be used as residence time tracer for the detection of sub-yearly groundwater residence times. Due to the distinct but non-regular annual 35S pattern in precipitation, related data evaluation requires consideration of a 35S input function that is based on representative rain samples. While minor rain events can easily be sampled quantitatively and hence representatively, a long-lasting rain event may get documented by a sample that represents only a certain sequence of the event, thus potentially resulting in a 35S activity concentration that might not be representative. With the aim to examine the magnitude of temporal variations of the 35S activity concentration in rain during long-lasting rain events, we present and discuss two related exemplary 35S time series. Furthermore, we evaluate the applicability of the parameters total sulfate and electrical conductivity (EC), both detected in rainwater as easily attainable 35S proxies. The results of the study show (i) that the 35S activity concentration may vary substantially during long-lasting rain events due to atmospheric migration processes and aerosol washout and (ii) that neither sulfate nor EC are suitable as 35S proxies due to the different origin of 35S on the one hand and sulfate/EC on the other. Hence, for the determination of a 35S activity concentration that is representative for a long-lasting rain event 35S analyses of an adequate number of sub-samples cannot be avoided.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Schubert, M., Weise, S.M., Knöller, K. (2021):
Atmospheric washout of 35S during single rain events – Implications for 35S sampling schemes
J. Environ. Radioact. 237 , art. 106669 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2021.106669