Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2020.104562
Volltext Akzeptiertes Manuskript
Titel (primär) Reactive transport modelling of a low-pH concrete / clay interface
Autor Idiart, A.; Laviña, M.; Kosakowski, G.; Cochepin, B.; Meeussen, J.C.L.; Samper, J.; Mon, A.; Montoya, V.; Munier, I.; Poonoosamy, J.; Montenegro, L.; Deissmann, G.; Rohmen, S.; Damiani, L.H.; Coene, E.; Nieves, A.
Quelle Applied Geochemistry
Erscheinungsjahr 2020
Department ENVINF
Band/Volume 115
Seite von art. 104562
Sprache englisch
Keywords Benchmark; Reactive transport modelling; Low-pH concrete; Cement-clay interaction
Abstract Cement-based materials are key components in the barrier system and structural support of repositories for disposal of nuclear waste. As such, increased understanding of their long-term performance under repository conditions is paramount for the safety assessment. Quantification of the impact that cement-based materials could have on the surrounding barriers and the host rock is essential to assess long-term safety of the repository system. This interaction can impact the physical properties of the system near the interface and needs to be assessed by means of numerical modelling. A reactive transport modelling study of the interaction between a newly-developed low-pH concrete and a clay host rock (i.e. Callovo Oxfordian) over 100,000 years is presented here. The main goal is to build confidence in the consistency of the different modelling approaches and in the application of different reactive transport codes (iCP, ORCHESTRA, OpenGeosys-GEM, CORE2D, and MIN3P) to analyse the performance of the recently developed low-pH concrete within the CEBAMA project. A common setup of a reference case was established, including precipitation/dissolution reactions, redox and cation exchange processes, building upon preliminary cases of increasing complexity. In addition, a set of sensitivity cases was simulated to test the effect of key geochemical and transport parameters on the results, including the impact of porosity changes on the diffusion coefficient and electrochemical couplings. Different reactive transport codes were used in the benchmark. Overall, the results show not only the high level of understanding of the governing processes but also the good agreement obtained with different codes, which is essential to demonstrate the applicability of reactive transport modelling to support safety assessment. The sensitivity and preliminary cases modelled show that the results obtained are much more sensitive to changes to transport parameters and couplings than to the different modelling tools used in each case. In addition, the impact of including or not the slow kinetics of dissolution of the claystone minerals is shown to be negligible in the studied scenarios.
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Idiart, A., Laviña, M., Kosakowski, G., Cochepin, B., Meeussen, J.C.L., Samper, J., Mon, A., Montoya, V., Munier, I., Poonoosamy, J., Montenegro, L., Deissmann, G., Rohmen, S., Damiani, L.H., Coene, E., Nieves, A. (2020):
Reactive transport modelling of a low-pH concrete / clay interface
Appl. Geochem. 115 , art. 104562 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2020.104562