Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1080/17435390.2019.1684592
Volltext Autorenversion
Titel (primär) A multi-omics approach reveals mechanisms of nanomaterial toxicity and structure–activity relationships in alveolar macrophages
Autor Bannuscher, A.; Karkossa, I.; Buhs, S.; Nollau, P.; Kettler, K.; Balas, M.; Dinischiotu, A.; Hellack, B.; Wiemann, M.; Luch, A.; von Bergen, M.; Haase, A.; Schubert, K.
Journal / Serie Nanotoxicology
Erscheinungsjahr 2020
Department MOLSYB
Band/Volume 14
Heft 2
Seite von 181
Seite bis 195
Sprache englisch
Keywords Nanomaterials, proteomics, metabolomics, SH2 profiling, multi-omics, WGCNA, alveolar macrophages
Abstract In respect to the high number of released nanomaterials and their highly variable properties, novel grouping approaches are required based on the effects of nanomaterials. Proper grouping calls for a combination of an experimental setup with a higher number of structurally similar nanomaterials and for employing integrated omics approaches to identify the mode of action. Here, we analyzed the effects of seven well-characterized NMs comprising different chemical compositions, sizes and chemical surface modifications on the rat alveolar macrophage cell line NR8383. The NMs were investigated at three doses ranging from 2.5 to 10 µg/cm2 after 24 h incubation using an integrated multi-omics approach involving untargeted proteomics, targeted metabolomics, and src homology 2 (SH2) profiling. By using Weighted Gene Correlation Network Analysis (WGCNA) for the integrative data, we identified correlations of molecular pathways with physico-chemical properties and toxicological endpoints. The three investigated SiO2 variants induced strong alterations in all three omics approaches and were, therefore, be classified as “active.” Two organic phthalocyanines showed minor responses and Mn2O3 induced a different molecular response pattern than the other NMs. WGCNA revealed that agglomerate size and surface area as well as LDH release are among the most important parameters correlating with nanotoxicology. Moreover, we identified key drivers that can serve as representative biomarker candidates, supporting the value of multi-omics approaches to establish integrated approaches to testing and assessment (IATAs).
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Bannuscher, A., Karkossa, I., Buhs, S., Nollau, P., Kettler, K., Balas, M., Dinischiotu, A., Hellack, B., Wiemann, M., Luch, A., von Bergen, M., Haase, A., Schubert, K. (2020):
A multi-omics approach reveals mechanisms of nanomaterial toxicity and structure–activity relationships in alveolar macrophages
Nanotoxicology 14 (2), 181 - 195