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Title (Primary) Relevance of multiple spatial scales in habitat models: a case study with amphibians and grasshoppers
Author Altmoos, M.; Henle, K.;
Journal Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology
Year 2010
Department NSF;
Volume 36
Issue 6
Language englisch;
Keywords Amphibia; Conservation planning; Habitat model; Habitat suitability; Orthoptera; Spatial scales
Abstract Habitat models for animal species are important tools in conservation planning. We assessed the need to consider several scales in a case study for three amphibian and two grasshopper species in the post-mining landscapes near Leipzig (Germany). The two species groups were selected because habitat analyses for grasshoppers are usually conducted on one scale only whereas amphibians are thought to depend on more than one spatial scale.First, we analysed how the preference to single habitat variables changed across nested scales. Most environmental variables were only significant for a habitat model on one or two scales, with the smallest scale being particularly important. On larger scales, other variables became significant, which cannot be recognized on lower scales. Similar preferences across scales occurred in only 13 out of 79 cases and in 3 out of 79 cases the preference and avoidance for the same variable were even reversed among scales.Second, we developed habitat models by using a logistic regression on every scale and for all combinations of scales and analysed how the quality of habitat models changed with the scales considered. To achieve a sufficient accuracy of the habitat models with a minimum number of variables, at least two scales were required for all species except for Bufo viridis, for which a single scale, the microscale, was sufficient. Only for the European tree frog (Hyla arborea), at least three scales were required.The results indicate that the quality of habitat models increases with the number of surveyed variables and with the number of scales, but costs increase too. Searching for simplifications in multi-scaled habitat models, we suggest that 2 or 3 scales should be a suitable trade-off, when attempting to define a suitable microscale.
ID 9747
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=9747
Altmoos, M., Henle, K. (2010):
Relevance of multiple spatial scales in habitat models: a case study with amphibians and grasshoppers
Acta Oecol. - Int. J. Ecol. 36 (6), 548 - 560