Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1002/bit.22235
Title (Primary) 3D finite element model of biofilm detachment using real biofilm structures from CLSM data
Author Böl, M.; Möhle, R.B.; Haesner, M.; Neu, T.R.; Horn, H.; Krull, R.
Journal Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Year 2009
Department FLOEK
Volume 103
Issue 1
Page From 177
Page To 186
Language englisch
Keywords biofilm; biofilm detachment; biofilm modeling; fluid-structure interaction; tubular flow; CLSM
Abstract In this work, a three-dimensional model of fluid-structure interactions (FSI) in biofilm systems is developed in order to simulate biofilm detachment as a result of mechanical processes. Therein, fluid flow past the biofilm surface results in a mechanical load on the structure which in turn causes internal stresses in the biofilm matrix. When the strength of the matrix is exceeded parts of the structure are detached. The model is used to investigate the influence of several parameters related to the mechanical strength of the biofilm matrix, Young's modulus, Reynolds number, and biofilm structure on biofilm detachment. Variations in biofilm strength and flow conditions significantly influence the simulation outcome. With respect to structural properties the model is widely independent from a change of Young's modulus. A further result of this work indicates that the change of biofilm structure due to growth or other processes will significantly change the stress distribution in the biofilm and thereby the detachment rate. An increase of the mechanical load by increasing fluid flow results in a flat surface of the remaining biofilm structure. It is concluded that the change of structure during biofilm development is the key determinant in terms of the detachment behavior. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2009;103: 177-186. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Böl, M., Möhle, R.B., Haesner, M., Neu, T.R., Horn, H., Krull, R. (2009):
3D finite element model of biofilm detachment using real biofilm structures from CLSM data
Biotechnol. Bioeng. 103 (1), 177 - 186