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Title (Primary) Composting of wood containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) - experiments with artificially contaminated pine wood and really polluted waste wood
Author Löser, C.; Ulbricht, H.; Hoffmann, P.; Seidel, H.;
Journal Compost Science & Utilization
Year 1999
Department UBT; SAN;
Volume 7
Issue 3
Language englisch;
Abstract

The addition of various nitrogen sources, such as liquid hog manure and mineral medium, to pine wood accelerated the composting process in Dewar vessels, which was obvious from the increased decomposition temperature and the more intensive oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production. During composting in Dewar vessels of artificially PAH-contaminated pine wood soaked with liquid manure, the PAH degradation was influenced by the inoculum used. The fastest PAH degradation was achieved by compost addition, but the most intensive carbon dioxide evolution was measured with hydrocarbon-polluted soil as an additive. After 61 days, the PAH content of the wood was reduced from each 1000 mg/kg to 26 mg/kg of phenanthrene and 83 mg/kg of pyrene. The relation between the microbial wood decay and PAH degradation shows that the detoxification at least of artificially PAH-polluted wood demands only a partial wood decay.

A pilot scale percolator was applied to composting of artificially contaminated pine wood and really polluted waste wood. After 27 days of remediation, the portion of residual PAHs was higher in the case of the really polluted material. The slower degradation in the real waste wood may be explained by the lower bioavailability of pollutants in comparison with the artificially contaminated wood. In really polluted wood, the degradation rate of PAHs depended on their degree of condensation (the higher the number of aromatic rings the smaller the degradation rate was).

ID 8195
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=8195
Löser, C., Ulbricht, H., Hoffmann, P., Seidel, H. (1999):
Composting of wood containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) - experiments with artificially contaminated pine wood and really polluted waste wood
Compost Sci. Util. 7 (3), 16 - 32