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Title (Primary) Biodegradation modelling of a dissolved gasoline plume applying independent laboratory and field parameters
Author Schirmer, M.; Molsen, J.W.; Frind, E.O.; Barker, J.F.;
Journal Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Year 2001
Department HDG; PB IBFL;
Volume 46
Issue 3-4
Language englisch;
Keywords Aerobic biodegradation; Modelling; Monod kinetics; Field plume; BTEX; Gasoline
Abstract Biodegradation of organic contaminants in groundwater is a microscale process which is often observed on scales of 100s of metres or larger. Unfortunately, there are no known equivalent parameters for characterizing the biodegradation process at the macroscale as there are, for example, in the case of hydrodynamic dispersion. Zero- and first-order degradation rates estimated at the laboratory scale by model fitting generally overpredict the rate of biodegradation when applied to the field scale because limited electron acceptor availability and microbial growth are not considered. On the other hand, field-estimated zero- and first-order rates are often not suitable for predicting plume development because they may oversimplify or neglect several key field scale processes, phenomena and characteristics. This study uses the numerical model BIO3D to link the laboratory and field scales by applying laboratory-derived Monod kinetic degradation parameters to simulate a dissolved gasoline field experiment at the Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Borden. All input parameters were derived from independent laboratory and field measurements or taken from the literature a priori to the simulations. The simulated results match the experimental results reasonably well without model calibration. A sensitivity analysis on the most uncertain input parameters showed only a minor influence on the simulation results. Furthermore, it is shown that the flow field, the amount of electron acceptor (oxygen) available, and the Monod kinetic parameters have a significant influence on the simulated results. It is concluded that laboratory-derived Monod kinetic parameters can adequately describe field scale degradation, provided all controlling factors are incorporated in the field scale model. These factors include advective–dispersive transport of multiple contaminants and electron acceptors and large-scale spatial heterogeneities.
ID 6768
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Schirmer, M., Molsen, J.W., Frind, E.O., Barker, J.F. (2001):
Biodegradation modelling of a dissolved gasoline plume applying independent laboratory and field parameters
J. Contam. Hydrol. 46 (3-4), 339 - 374