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Title (Primary) A dynamic model to simulate arsenic, lead, and mercury contamination in the terrestrial environment during extreme floods of rivers
Author Schulz, M.; Büttner, O.; Baborowski, M.; Böhme, M.; Matthies, M.; von Tümpling, W.;
Journal CLEAN-Soil Air Water
Year 2009
Department ASAM; FLOEK;
Volume 37
Issue 3
Language englisch;
Keywords Inorganic pollutants; Two-dimensional finite-element model; Model calibration; Sensitivity analysis; Flood inundation; Heavy metals; Contamination
Abstract Beside damages of infrastructure in industrial regions, extreme floods can cause contamination with particle-bound pollutants, e. g., due to erosion of soils and sediments. In order to predict contamination with inorganic pollutants, the transport and fate of arsenic, lead, and mercury during a fictive flood event of River Vereinigte Mulde in the region of Bitterfeld (Germany) with 200 years recurrence time was modeled. The finite element model system Telemac2D, which is subdivided into a hydrodynamic (Telemac-2D), a transport (Subief-2D), and a water quality module (wq2subief) was applied. The transport and water quality model models were calibrated using results of sediment trap exposures in the floodplain of River Vereinigte Mulde. Model results exhibited that the spatial patterns of particle-associated arsenic and lead concentrations significantly changed. Extended, mostly agriculturally used areas showed arsenic and lead concentrations between 150 and 200 mg kg-1 and 250 and 300 mg kg-1, respectively, while urban areas were to a great extent spared from high contamination with arsenic and lead. Concentrations of particle-associated mercury showed a pattern distinct from those of arsenic and lead. Outside of small patches with concentrations up to 63 mg kg-1, concentrations of particle-associated mercury remained close to zero. Differences in the spatial patterns of the three pollutants regarded mainly arise from significantly different initial and boundary conditions. Sensitivity analyses of initial and boundary conditions revealed a high sensitivity of particle-bound pollutant concentrations, whereas the sensitivities of concentrations of suspended sediments and soluble pollutants were mediocre to negligible.
ID 589
Persistent UFZ Identifier http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=589
Schulz, M., Büttner, O., Baborowski, M., Böhme, M., Matthies, M., von Tümpling, W. (2009):
A dynamic model to simulate arsenic, lead, and mercury contamination in the terrestrial environment during extreme floods of rivers
CLEAN-Soil Air Water 37 (3), 209 - 217