Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1046/j.1365-2389.2002.00437.x
Title (Primary) Effect of non-linear adsorption on the transport behaviour of Brilliant Blue in a field soil
Author Kasteel, R.; Vogel, H.-J.; Roth, K.
Journal European Journal of Soil Science
Year 2002
Department BOPHY
Volume 53
Issue 2
Page From 231
Page To 240
Language englisch
Abstract The food dye Brilliant Blue FCF (Color Index 42090) is often used as dye tracer in field studies for visualizing the flow pathways of water in soils. Batch studies confirmed findings of other researchers that non-linear sorption is important for Brilliant Blue, especially at small concentrations (< 10 g l−1 for our soil), and that retardation increases with decreasing concentrations as well as with increasing ionic strength of solutions. Therefore, it is not obvious if it can be used as an indicator for water flow paths as is often done. In this study, we compared the mobility of Brilliant Blue in a field soil (gleyic Luvisol) with that of bromide. Brilliant Blue and potassium bromide were simultaneously applied as a 6-mm pulse on a small plot in the field, and the tracers were displaced with 89 mm of tracer-free water using a constant intensity of 3.9 ± 0.2 mm hour−1. Both tracer concentrations were determined on 144 soil cores taken from a 1 m × 1 m vertical soil profile. The transport behaviour differed in both (i) mean displacement and (ii) spatial concentration pattern. We found the retardation of Brilliant Blue could not be neglected and, in contrast to the bromide pattern, a pulse splitting was observed at the plough pan. Numerical simulations with a particle tracking code revealed that the one-dimensional concentration profile of bromide was represented fairly well by the model, but the prediction of the double peak in the Brilliant Blue concentration profile failed. With additional assumptions, there were indications that Brilliant Blue does not follow the same flow paths as bromide. However, the question of Brilliant Blue taking the same flow pathways as bromide cannot be adequately answered by comparing both concentration distributions, because we look at two different transport distances due to the retardation of Brilliant Blue. It became obvious, however, that Brilliant Blue is not a suitable compound for tracing the travel time of water itself.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Kasteel, R., Vogel, H.-J., Roth, K. (2002):
Effect of non-linear adsorption on the transport behaviour of Brilliant Blue in a field soil
Eur. J. Soil Sci. 53 (2), 231 - 240