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Title (Primary) Paleolimnological assessment of human impacts in Lake Blanca, SE Uruguay
Author García-Rodríguez, F.; Mazzeo, N.; Sprechmann, P.; Metzeltin, D.; Sosa, F.; Treutler, H.-C.; Renom, M.; Scharf, B.; Gaucher, C.;
Journal Journal of Paleolimnology
Year 2002
Department SEEFO; ANA;
Volume 28
Issue 4
Language englisch;
Abstract Paleolimnological techniques were used to assess human impacts onLake Blanca, a small (0.6 km2), coastal fresh waterbodyin southern Uruguay, which is the drinking water source for ∼100,000 localresidents. We retrieved a core that extends to about 1100 14Cyr BP. 210Pb ages, organic mater, CO3, totalcarbon, nutrients, fossil pigments and diatoms allowed us to establishlimnological conditions before and after cultural impacts. Soil removal(1880–1960) and intensive cattle and sheep grazing (1943–1966) ledto gully formation in the catchment. This watershed erosion resulted inincreased sedimentation rates. The aquatic system appeared to be mesotrophicwith dominance of epibenthic diatoms until ∼1966, at which timeeutrophication intensified with forestry activities. Increases in nutrients, aswell as blooms of planktonic diatoms, were observed. During the last decade,tourist/urban development as well as high drinking water demand caused areduction in lake area. Subsequent marked increases in rainfall led to furtherphytoplankton blooms and macrophyte proliferation.
ID 5497
Persistent UFZ Identifier
García-Rodríguez, F., Mazzeo, N., Sprechmann, P., Metzeltin, D., Sosa, F., Treutler, H.-C., Renom, M., Scharf, B., Gaucher, C. (2002):
Paleolimnological assessment of human impacts in Lake Blanca, SE Uruguay
J. Paleolimn. 28 (4), 457 - 468