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Title (Primary) Runoff related pesticide input into the Lourens river, South Africa: Basic data for an exposure assessment and risk mitigation at the catchment scale
Author Dabrowsky, J.M.; Peall, S.K.C.; Reinecke, A.J.; Liess, M.; Schulz, R.;
Journal Water Air and Soil Pollution
Year 2002
Department OEKOTOX;
Volume 135
Issue 1-4
Language englisch;
Abstract The characterization of runoff-related pesticide input and the identification of areas of concern in the field are essential for a comprehensive assessment of risk and the planning of mitigation measures. To this end, the agriculturally-derived aqueous and particle-associated pesticide contamination of the Lourens River and its tributaries was measured in a comprehensive design. Sampling was performed in the beginning of April prior to the first rainfall of the wet season and in the middle of April during high water conditions following the first rainfall of 9.6 mm d(-1). Pre-runoff samples indicated contamination with endosulfan at levels up to 0.06 mug L(-1), while no other pesticides were detectable. Rainfall-induced runoff resulted in an increase in the levels of the pesticides endosulfan, deltamethrin, azinphos-methyl, chlorpyrifos, and procymidone up to levels of 0.35, 1.4, 0.6, 0.19 and 9 mug L(-1), respectively in water samples. Endosulfan, azinphos-methyl, and chlorpyrifos were detected at maximum concentrations of 273, 152, and 245 mug kg(-1) in suspended sediments. No increased pesticide levels were detected at a control site upstream of the agricultural area. The Lourens River received its contamination via the tributaries discharging the surrounding farming area. Contamination of the six tributaries depended on landuse and slope characteristics and enabled the identification of target sites for risk reduction approaches. Transient pesticide levels exceeded the target water quality limit proposed by the South African Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF). The Lourens River site downstream of the farming area has been identified as a site where potential toxic conditions could arise.
ID 5426
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=5426
Dabrowsky, J.M., Peall, S.K.C., Reinecke, A.J., Liess, M., Schulz, R. (2002):
Runoff related pesticide input into the Lourens river, South Africa: Basic data for an exposure assessment and risk mitigation at the catchment scale
Water Air Soil Pollut. 135 (1-4), 265 - 283