Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1897/01-605
Title (Primary) Quantitative structure-property relationships for predicting Henry's law constant from molecular structure
Author Dearden, J.C.; Schüürmann, G.
Source Titel Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Year 2003
Department OEC
Volume 22
Issue 8
Page From 1755
Page To 1770
Language englisch
Keywords Henry's law constant; Air-water partition coefficient; Quantitative structure-property relationship; Prediction

Various models are available for the prediction of Henry's law constant (H) or the air-water partition coefficient (K(aw)), its dimensionless counterpart. Incremental methods are based on structural features such as atom types, bond types, and local structural environments; other regression models employ physicochemical properties, structural descriptors such as connectivity indices. and descriptors reflecting the electronic structure. There are also methods to calculate H from the ratio of vapor pressure (p(v)) and water solubility (S(w)) that in turn can be estimated from molecular structure, and quantum chemical continuum-solvation models to predict H via the solvation-free energy (DeltaG(s)). This review is confined to methods that calculate H from molecular structure without experimental information and covers more than 40 methods published in the last 26 years. For a subset of eight incremental methods and four continuum-solvation models, a comparative analysis of their prediction performance is made using a test set of 700 compounds that includes a significant number of more complex and drug-like chemical structures. The results reveal substantial differences in the application range as well as in the prediction capability, a general decrease in prediction performance with decreasing H, and surprisingly large individual prediction errors, which are particularly striking for some quantum chemical schemes. The overall best-performing method appears to be the bond contribution method as implemented in the HENRYWIN software package, yielding a predictive squared correlation coefficient (q(2)) of 0.87 and a standard error of 1.03 log units for the test set.

Persistent UFZ Identifier
Dearden, J.C., Schüürmann, G. (2003):
Quantitative structure-property relationships for predicting Henry's law constant from molecular structure
Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 22 (8), 1755 - 1770 10.1897/01-605