Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1002/bit.20241
Title (Primary) Volumetric measurements of bacterial cells and extracellular polymeric substance glycoconjugates in biofilms
Author Staudt, C.; Horn, H.; Hempel, D.C.; Neu, T.R.
Journal Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Year 2004
Department FLOEK
Volume 88
Issue 5
Page From 585
Page To 592
Language englisch
Abstract In this study an enrichment culture developed from activated sludge was used to investigate the architecture of fully hydrated multispecies biofilms. The assessment of biofilm structure and volume was carried out using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Bacterial cell distribution was determined with the nucleic acid-specific stain SYTO 60, whereas glycoconjugates of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) were stained with the Alexa-488-labeled lectin of Aleuria aurantia. Digital image analysis was employed for visualization and quantification of three-dimensional CLSM data sets. The specific volumes of the polymeric and cellular biofilm constituents were quantified. In addition, gravimetric measurements were done to determine dry mass and thickness of the biofilms. The data recorded by the CLSM technique and the gravimetric data were then compared. It was shown that the biofilm thicknesses determined with both methods agree well for slow-growing hetorotrophic and chemoautotrophic biofilms. In addition, for slow-growing biofilms, the volumes and masses calculated from CLSM and the biomass calculated from gravimetric measurements were also comparable. For fast-growing heterotrophic biofilms cultivated with high glucose concentrations the data sets fit to a lesser degree, but still showed the same common trend. Compared with traditional gravimetric measurements, CLSM allowed differential recording of multiple biofilm parameters with subsequent three-dimensional visualization and quantification. The quantitative three-dimensional results recorded by CLSM are an important basis for understanding, controlling, exploiting, and modeling of biofilms.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Staudt, C., Horn, H., Hempel, D.C., Neu, T.R. (2004):
Volumetric measurements of bacterial cells and extracellular polymeric substance glycoconjugates in biofilms
Biotechnol. Bioeng. 88 (5), 585 - 592