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Title (Primary) Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in waste wood
Author Löser, C.; Ulbricht, H.; Seidel, H.;
Journal Compost Science & Utilization
Year 2004
Department UBT;
Volume 12
Issue 4
Language englisch;
Abstract PAH-contaminated waste wood is a serious environmental problem. As an alternative to incineration and landfill disposal, wood containing PAHs may be detoxified by composting. The efficiency of this process depends on the composting conditions. The aerobic treatment of PAH-containing wood was therefore investigated under varying environmental conditions with particular attention to the kinetics of PAH degradation and wood mineralization. The composting of pine wood spiked with 2 g/kg phenanthrene, anthracene and pyrene each and subsequently artificially aged was studied on a laboratory-scale using a respiration analyzer. The temperature was found to highly influence both PAH degradation and wood decay. The fastest and most extensive PAH degradation and wood mineralization were found at 30°C. Higher temperatures particularly inhibited the degradation of anthracene and pyrene. The addition of urea markedly accelerated both PAH degradation and wood mineralization. Only small amounts of urea were needed to maximize PAH degradation, whereas higher amounts of urea were required to maximize wood mineralization. Urea hydrolyzes to ammonium carbonate, which in turn forms highly volatile ammonia. When more then 2 g/kg urea-N was added to the wood, excessive nitrogen disappeared as ammonia via the gas phase. Using nitrate instead of urea dramatically reduced both PAH degradation and wood mineralization. Although a slightly alkaline pH seemed to promote PAH degradation, it has to be taken into account that this experiment was carried out with nitrate as an N source rather than urea to avoid any N losses at high pH values. Glucose as a cosubstrate neither accelerated PAH degradation nor stimulated wood decay. Molasses as a cosubstrate actually inhibited PAH degradation since it contains much salt and alkalinized the rot material.
ID 4316
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Löser, C., Ulbricht, H., Seidel, H. (2004):
Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in waste wood
Compost Sci. Util. 12 (4), 335 - 341