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Title (Primary) Biodegradation of phenanthrene by the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus ES-55
Author Safonova, E.; Kvitko, K.; Kuschk, P.; Möder, M.; Reisser, W.;
Journal Engineering in Life Sciences
Year 2005
Department UBT; ANA;
Volume 5
Issue 3
Language englisch;
Keywords Alga; Biodegradation; Hydrocarbons; Metabolism
Abstract While the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by bacteria and fungi has been broadly investigated, less is known about the metabolism of these compounds by algae. The goal of the experiments was to test the degradability of phenanthrene by the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus ES-55 (Chlorophyceae) and to identify the metabolites. It was shown that S. obliquus ES-55 metabolized phenanthrene. Under light conditions, phenanthrene (14 mg/L) inhibits cell division by more than twice. However, the metabolic processes in the cells affected by phenanthrene continued because the content of chlorophyll increased. In the exponential phase under phototrophic conditions the alga degraded phenanthrene. Phenanthrene was removed by algae up to 42 % in BBM medium and up to 24 % in Kuhl medium. Dihydroxy-dihydro-phenanthrene, a degradation metabolite in fungi, bacteria and cyanobacteria, could also be detected as a transformation product of S. obliquus ES-55. Further detected common metabolites foster the assumption that both phototrophic and non-photothrophic organisms metabolize phenanthrene via a similar pathway. The present study is the first evidence of the ability of an axenic culture of the green alga S. obliquus to biotransform phenanthrene into other metabolites.
ID 3747
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=3747
Safonova, E., Kvitko, K., Kuschk, P., Möder, M., Reisser, W. (2005):
Biodegradation of phenanthrene by the green alga Scenedesmus obliquus ES-55
Eng. Life Sci. 5 (3), 234 - 239