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Title (Primary) A metabolomics approach to assessing phytotoxic effects on the green alga Scenedesmus vacuolatus
Author Kluender, C.; Sans-Piché, F.; Riedl, J.; Altenburger, R.; Härtig, C.; Laue, G.; Schmitt-Jansen, M.;
Journal Metabolomics
Year 2009
Department BIOTOX; UMB;
Volume 5
Issue 1
Language englisch;
Keywords Synchronous algal growth; Ecotoxicology; Phenotypic anchoring; Environmental risk assessment; Mixture toxicity; Periphyton; Metabolic profiling; Triazine
Abstract The potential of metabolomics for toxicity analysis with synchronized algal populations during growth was explored in a proof of principle study. Low molecular weight compounds from hydrophilic and lipophilic extracts of algal populations of the unicellular green alga Scenedesmus vacuolatus were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and subsequent multivariate analysis to identify time-related patterns. Algal metabolite responses were studied under control and exposure conditions for the photosystem II-inhibiting herbicide prometryn. To define the typical metabolic profile of control S. vacuolatus cultures seven time points over a growth period of 14 h were evaluated. The results show a clear time-related trend in metabolite levels and a distinct separation of exposed and reference algal populations. The results suggest an impairment of the energy metabolism associated with an activation of catabolic processes and a retardation of carbohydrate biosynthesis in treated algae. Metabolite results were compared to observation parameters, currently used in phytotoxicity assessment, showing that metabolites respond faster to exposure than algal growth. The potential of metabolomics for toxicity evaluation, especially to identify physiological markers and to detect effects at an early state of exposure, are discussed. Therefore, we suggest a metabolomics approach utilizing synchronous algal cultures to be a suitable future tool in ecotoxicology.
ID 326
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Kluender, C., Sans-Piché, F., Riedl, J., Altenburger, R., Härtig, C., Laue, G., Schmitt-Jansen, M. (2009):
A metabolomics approach to assessing phytotoxic effects on the green alga Scenedesmus vacuolatus
Metabolomics 5 (1), 59 - 71