Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1021/acs.analchem.4c00439
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Continuous-flow stable sulfur isotope analysis of organic and inorganic compounds by EA-MC-ICPMS
Author Horst, A.; Gehre, M.; Fahle, M.; Kümmel, S.
Source Titel Analytical Chemistry
Year 2024
Department TECH
Volume 96
Issue 21
Page From 8510
Page To 8517
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Abstract Elemental analysis (EA) coupled to isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) is a well-established method to derive stable isotope ratios of sulfur (34S/32S). Conversion of sulfur to SO2 by EA and measurement of SO2 isotopologues by IRMS represents the simplest and most versatile method to accomplish isotope measurement of sulfur even in bulk samples. Yet, interferences by oxygen isotopes in SO2 often impair the precision and trueness of measured results. In the current study, we coupled EA to multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) to establish a method that avoids such interferences due to direct measurement of S+ ions. In addition, measurement of the 33S/32S isotope ratios is possible, thus representing the first bulk method that is suitable to study mass-independent isotope fractionation (MIF). Analytical precision (σ) of available Ag2S and BaSO4 reference materials (RMs) was, on average, 0.2 mUr for δ33S and δ34S, never exceeding 0.3 mUr within this study (1 mUr = 1‰ = 0.001). Measured δ34S values of reference materials agreed within ±0.2 mUr of officially reported values. Measurement of wood samples yielded good precision (0.2 mUr) for sulfur amounts as low as 3.5 μg, but precision deteriorated for samples at lower sulfur contents due to poor peak shape. Finally, we explored cross-calibration of organic liquids separated via gas chromatography (GC) against solid RMs combusted via EA that avoids challenging offline conversion of RMs. Results indicate good precision (≤0.08 mUr) and acceptable trueness (≤0.34 mUr) for determination of δ34S, demonstrating the future potential of such an approach.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Horst, A., Gehre, M., Fahle, M., Kümmel, S. (2024):
Continuous-flow stable sulfur isotope analysis of organic and inorganic compounds by EA-MC-ICPMS
Anal. Chem. 96 (21), 8510 - 8517 10.1021/acs.analchem.4c00439