Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1093/ismejo/wrae050
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Enzymatic machinery of wood-inhabiting fungi that degrade temperate tree species
Author Kipping, L.; Jehmlich, N. ORCID logo ; Moll, J.; Noll, M.; Gossner, M.M.; Van Den Bossche, T.; Edelmann, P.; Borken, W.; Hofrichter, M.; Kellner, H.
Source Titel ISME Journal
Year 2024
Department BOOEK; MOLTOX
Volume 18
Issue 1
Page From wrae050
Language englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Abstract Deadwood provides habitat for fungi and serves diverse ecological functions in forests. We already have profound knowledge of fungal assembly processes, physiological and enzymatic activities, and resulting physico-chemical changes during deadwood decay. However, in situ detection and identification methods, fungal origins, and a mechanistic understanding of the main lignocellulolytic enzymes are lacking. This study used metaproteomics to detect the main extracellular lignocellulolytic enzymes in 12 tree species in a temperate forest that have decomposed for 8 ½ years. Mainly white-rot (and few brown-rot) Basidiomycota were identified as the main wood decomposers, with Armillaria as the dominant genus; additionally, several soft-rot xylariaceous Ascomycota were identified. The key enzymes involved in lignocellulolysis included manganese peroxidase, peroxide-producing alcohol oxidases, laccase, diverse glycoside hydrolases (cellulase, glucosidase, xylanase), esterases, and lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases. The fungal community and enzyme composition differed among the 12 tree species. Ascomycota species were more prevalent in angiosperm logs than in gymnosperm logs. Regarding lignocellulolysis as a function, the extracellular enzyme toolbox acted simultaneously and was interrelated (e.g. peroxidases and peroxide-producing enzymes were strongly correlated), highly functionally redundant, and present in all logs. In summary, our in situ study provides comprehensive and detailed insight into the enzymatic machinery of wood-inhabiting fungi in temperate tree species. These findings will allow us to relate changes in environmental factors to lignocellulolysis as an ecosystem function in the future.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Kipping, L., Jehmlich, N., Moll, J., Noll, M., Gossner, M.M., Van Den Bossche, T., Edelmann, P., Borken, W., Hofrichter, M., Kellner, H. (2024):
Enzymatic machinery of wood-inhabiting fungi that degrade temperate tree species
ISME J. 18 (1), wrae050 10.1093/ismejo/wrae050