Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.pce.2006.02.062
Title (Primary) Hydroclimatology of the Volta river basin in West Africa: Trends and variability from 1901 to 2002
Author Oguntunde, P.G.; Friesen, J.; van de Giesen, N.; Savenije, H.H.G.
Journal Physics and Chemistry of the Earth
Year 2006
Department CHS
Volume 31
Issue 18
Page From 1180
Page To 1188
Language englisch
Keywords Volta basin; Hydroclimatology; Aridity index; Evaporation ratio; Trends
Abstract Long-term historical records of rainfall (P), runoff (Q) and other climatic factors were used to investigate hydrological variability and trends in the Volta River Basin over the period 1901-2002. Potential (E-P) and actual evaporation (E), rainfall variability index (delta), Budyko's aridity index (I-A), evaporation ratio (C-E) and runoff ratio (CO) were estimated from the available hydroclimatological records. Mann-Kendall trend analysis and non-parametric Sen's slope estimates were performed on the respective time series variables to detect monotonic trend direction and magnitude of change over time. Rainfall variability index showed that 1968 was the wettest year (delta = +1.75) while 1983 was the driest (delta = -3.03), with the last three decades being drier than any other comparable period in the hydrological history of the Volta. An increase of 0.2 mm/yr(2) (P < 0.05) was observed in E-P for the 1901-1969 sub-series while an increased of 1.8 mm/yr(2) (P < 0.01) was recorded since 1970. Rainfall increased at the rate of 0.7 mm/yr(2) or 49 mm/yr between 1901 and 1969, whereas a decrease of 0.2 mm/yr(2) (6 mm/yr) was estimated for 1970-2002 sub-series. Runoff increased significantly at the rate of 0.8 mm/yr (23 mm/yr) since 1970. Runoff before dam construction was higher (87.5 mm/yr) and more varied (CV = 41.5%) than the post-dam period with value of 73.5 mm/yr (CV = 23.9%,). A 10% relative decrease in P resulted in a 16% decrease in Q between 1936 and 1998. Since 1970, all the months showed increasing runoff trends with significant slopes (P < 0.05) in 9 out of the 12 months. Possible causes, such as climate change and land cover change, on the detected changes in hydroclimatology are briefly discussed. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Ltd
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Oguntunde, P.G., Friesen, J., van de Giesen, N., Savenije, H.H.G. (2006):
Hydroclimatology of the Volta river basin in West Africa: Trends and variability from 1901 to 2002
Phys. Chem. Earth 31 (18), 1180 - 1188