Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1029/2023ef003986
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) A comprehensive assessment of carbon dioxide removal options for Germany
Author Borchers, M.; Förster, J.; Thrän, D.; Beck, S.; Thoni, T.; Korte, K. ORCID logo ; Gawel, E.; Markus, T.; Schaller, R. ORCID logo ; Rhoden, I.; Chi, Y.; Dahmen, N.; Dittmeyer, R.; Dolch, T.; Dold, C.; Herbst, M.; Heß, D.; Kalhori, A.; Koop-Jakobsen, K.; Li, Z.; Oschlies, A.; Reusch, T.B.H.; Sachs, T.; Schmidt-Hattenberger, C.; Stevenson, A.; Wu, J.; Yeates, C.; Mengis, N.
Source Titel Earth's Future
Year 2024
Volume 12
Issue 5
Page From e2023EF003986
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords context-specific assessments of carbon dioxide removal; bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS); direct air carbon capture and storage (DACCS); natural sink enhancement (NSE); climate mitigation; feasibility assessment framework
Abstract To reach their net-zero targets, countries will have to compensate hard-to-abate CO2 emissions through carbon dioxide removal (CDR). Yet, current assessments rarely include socio-cultural or institutional aspects or fail to contextualize CDR options for implementation. Here we present a context-specific feasibility assessment of CDR options for the example of Germany. We assess 14 CDR options, including three chemical carbon capture options, six options for bioenergy combined with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), and five options that aim to increase ecosystem carbon uptake. The assessment addresses technological, economic, environmental, institutional, social-cultural and systemic considerations using a traffic-light system to evaluate implementation opportunities and hurdles. We find that in Germany CDR options like cover crops or seagrass restoration currently face comparably low implementation hurdles in terms of technological, economic, or environmental feasibility and low institutional or social opposition but show comparably small CO2 removal potentials. In contrast, some BECCS options that show high CDR potentials face significant techno-economic, societal and institutional hurdles when it comes to the geological storage of CO2. While a combination of CDR options is likely required to meet the net-zero target in Germany, the current climate protection law includes a limited set of options. Our analysis aims to provide comprehensive information on CDR hurdles and possibilities for Germany for use in further research on CDR options, climate, and energy scenario development, as well as an effective decision support basis for various actors.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Borchers, M., Förster, J., Thrän, D., Beck, S., Thoni, T., Korte, K., Gawel, E., Markus, T., Schaller, R., Rhoden, I., Chi, Y., Dahmen, N., Dittmeyer, R., Dolch, T., Dold, C., Herbst, M., Heß, D., Kalhori, A., Koop-Jakobsen, K., Li, Z., Oschlies, A., Reusch, T.B.H., Sachs, T., Schmidt-Hattenberger, C., Stevenson, A., Wu, J., Yeates, C., Mengis, N. (2024):
A comprehensive assessment of carbon dioxide removal options for Germany
Earth Future 12 (5), e2023EF003986 10.1029/2023ef003986