Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.3897/rio.8.e85873
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Biotic interactions as mediators of context-dependent biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships
Author Eisenhauer, N.; Bonfante, P.; Buscot, F.; Cesarz, S.; Guerra, C.A.; Heintz-Buschart, A.; Hines, J.; Patoine, G.; Rillig, M.C.; Schmidt, B.; Verheyen, K.; Wirth, C.; Ferlian, O.
Source Titel Research Ideas and Outcomes
Year 2022
Department BOOEK
Volume 8
Page From 660
Page To 684
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords biodiversity-ecosystem functioning; Biodiversity; Ecosystem; Biological interaction; Mycorrhiza; biodiversity effects; carbon sequestration; drought; energy flux; iDiv Ecotron; mycorrhiza; MyDiv; mutualists; nutrients; TreeDivNet
Abstract Biodiversity drives the maintenance and stability of ecosystem functioning as well as many of nature’s benefits to people, yet people cause substantial biodiversity change. Despite broad consensus about a positive relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BEF), the underlying mechanisms and their context-dependencies are not well understood. This proposal, submitted to the European Research Council (ERC), aims at filling this knowledge gap by providing a novel conceptual framework for integrating biotic interactions across guilds of organisms, i.e. plants and mycorrhizal fungi, to explain the ecosystem consequences of biodiversity change. The overarching hypothesis is that EF increases when more tree species associate with functionally dissimilar mycorrhizal fungi. Taking a whole-ecosystem perspective, we propose to explore the role of tree-mycorrhiza interactions in driving BEF across environmental contexts and how this relates to nutrient dynamics. Given the significant role that mycorrhizae play in soil nutrient and water uptake, BEF relationships will be investigated under normal and drought conditions. Resulting ecosystem consequences will be explored by studying main energy channels and ecosystem multifunctionality using food web energy fluxes and by assessing carbon storage. Synthesising drivers of biotic interactions will allow us to understand context-dependent BEF relationships. This interdisciplinary and integrative project spans the whole gradient from local-scale process assessments to global relationships by building on unique experimental infrastructures like the MyDiv Experiment, iDiv Ecotron and the global network TreeDivNet, to link ecological mechanisms to reforestation initiatives. This innovative combination of basic scientific research with real-world interventions links trait-based community ecology, global change research and ecosystem ecology, pioneering a new generation of BEF research and represents a significant step towards implementing BEF theory for human needs.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Eisenhauer, N., Bonfante, P., Buscot, F., Cesarz, S., Guerra, C.A., Heintz-Buschart, A., Hines, J., Patoine, G., Rillig, M.C., Schmidt, B., Verheyen, K., Wirth, C., Ferlian, O. (2022):
Biotic interactions as mediators of context-dependent biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships
Res. Ideas Outcomes 8 , 660 - 684 10.3897/rio.8.e85873