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Title (Primary) Remediation of heavy metal polluted sediment in the solid bed: comparison of abiotic and microbial leaching
Author Löser, C.; Zehnsdorf, A.; Görsch, K.; Seidel, H.;
Journal Chemosphere
Year 2006
Department UBT; UBZ;
Volume 65
Issue 1
Language englisch;
Keywords Column; Percolator; Elemental sulfur; Dredged sludge; Bioleaching
Abstract Basic research on remediation of polluted sediment by leaching has, to date, been carried out exclusively with suspended material. For economic reasons, only solid-bed leaching is applicable to large-scale processes. Abiotic and microbial solid-bed leaching were comparatively studied in a percolator system using ripened and therefore permeable heavy metal polluted river sediment. In the case of abiotic leaching, sulfuric acid was supplied to the sediment by circulating water; the lower the pH of the percolating water, the higher the percolation flow, and the lower the solid-bed height was, the faster the heavy metals were solubilized. However, the pH and percolation flow are subjected to restrictions: strongly acidic conditions result in dissolution of mineral components, and the percolation flow must not exceed the bed permeability. And a high solid bed is an economic requirement. In the case of bioleaching, elemental sulfur added to the sediment was oxidized to sulfuric acid within the package which, in turn, solubilized the heavy metals. Here, the percolation flow and the solid-bed height did not affect the rate of metal solubilization. Solid-bed leaching on a larger scale will thus be much more efficient applying bioleaching with sulfur as the leaching agent than abiotic leaching with sulfuric acid.
ID 2834
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=2834
Löser, C., Zehnsdorf, A., Görsch, K., Seidel, H. (2006):
Remediation of heavy metal polluted sediment in the solid bed: comparison of abiotic and microbial leaching
Chemosphere 65 (1), 9 - 16