Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.agrformet.2023.109784
Title (Primary) Responses of canopy hydrometorological parameters to oak dieback in the Mediterranean sparse forest, Iran
Author Moein Sadeghi, S.M.; Panahandeh, T.; Van Stan II, J.T.; Babapour, S.; Friesen, J. ORCID logo
Source Titel Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Year 2023
Department UBZ
Volume 343
Page From art. 109784
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords Forest ecohydrology; Quercus brantii; Oak decline; Rainfall partitioning
Abstract The potential for sudden tree dieback exists when there is significant variation in perturbation frequency and intensity, which can alter canopy-atmosphere interactions, like canopy rainfall partitioning. In the context of close-to-nature silviculture practices, dieback trees can endure for several decades in specific environments. Therefore, it is warranted to explore the interaction between tree dieback and rainfall partitioning, including throughfall, stemflow, and rainfall interception. The primary aims of this study were to (a) measure the partitioning of incident rainfall into throughfall, stemflow, and rainfall interception, beneath Quercus brantii (Lindl; Brant's oak) canopies in various dieback states in a Mediterranean region of Iran, and (b) quantify canopy and trunk ecohydrological parameters in the various treatments. To do this, we randomly selected 30 trees in three crown dieback states (i.e., healthy, moderate dieback, and severe dieback classes), with two diameters at breast height (DBH) classes (small and medium DBH). The rainfall partitioning, as well as the underlying canopy ecohydrological parameters, differed meaningfully across the oak dieback classes. This is most likely driven by changes in forest canopy structure as oak dieback progresses. The greatest changes included the increase in throughfall and a decrease in interception with leaf mortality. Regarding stemflow input, we observed significant stemflow variability among canopy dieback states—with stemflow percentage comprising 7.6 % of rainfall for healthy small DBH oaks, decreasing by half in severely declined ones—and it was notable that the precipitation thresholds required for stemflow initiation increased from healthy to severely declined trees. However, it should be noted that while decreased intercepted water by declined oak trees may occur, this does not necessarily translate to a significant increase in the proportion of rainfall transformed into stemflow. After the decline of oak trees, there were significant alterations to the ecohydrological parameters of both the canopy and trunk. Notably, canopy ecohydrological parameters (e.g., crown saturation points and canopy storage capacity), which are integral to the interception and storage of rainwater, experienced a marked decrease. In contrast, trunk ecohydrological parameters had not a constant trend among treatments, and it would require further study. These findings can help clarify rainfall partitioning and subsequent ecohydrological parameters dynamics and driving factors across crown dieback treatments, in addition to that offer parameters for hydrological simulations specifically tailored to Mediterranean forests. Studying how rainfall is distributed and the resulting changes in ecohydrological parameters across various crown dieback states, phenological scales, and DBH classes can enhance our comprehension and predictive abilities concerning the contribution of forests to hydrological recharge processes.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Moein Sadeghi, S.M., Panahandeh, T., Van Stan II, J.T., Babapour, S., Friesen, J. (2023):
Responses of canopy hydrometorological parameters to oak dieback in the Mediterranean sparse forest, Iran
Agric. For. Meteorol. 343 , art. 109784 10.1016/j.agrformet.2023.109784