Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/1365-2745.14198
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Nothing lasts forever: Dominant species decline under rapid environmental change in global grasslands
Author Wilfahrt, P.A.; Seabloom, E.W.; Bakker, J.D.; Biederman, L.; Bugalho, M.N.; Cadotte, M.W.; Caldeira, M.C.; Catford, J.A.; Chen, Q.; Donohue, I.; Ebeling, A.; Eisenhauer, N.; Haider, S.; Heckman, R.W.; Jentsch, A.; Koerner, S.E.; Komatsu, K.J.; Laungani, R.; MacDougall, A.; Martina, J.P.; Martinson, H.; Moore, J.L.; Niu, Y.; Ohlert, T.; Venterink, H.O.; Orr, D.; Peri, P.; Pos, E.; Price, J.; Raynaud, X.; Ren, Z.; Roscher, C.; Smith, N.G.; Stevens, C.J.; Sullivan, L.L.; Tedder, M.; Tognetti, P.M.; Veen, C.; Wheeler, G.; Young, A.L.; Young, H.; Borer, E.T.
Source Titel Journal of Ecology
Year 2023
Department iDiv; PHYDIV
Volume 111
Issue 11
Page From 2472
Page To 2482
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Data and Software links
Keywords determinants of plant community diversity and structure; dominance; fertilization; global change ecology; historical contigency; plant population and community dynamics; plant–herbivore interactions
  1. Dominance often indicates one or a few species being best suited for resource capture and retention in a given environment. Press perturbations that change availability of limiting resources can restructure competitive hierarchies, allowing new species to capture or retain resources and leaving once dominant species fated to decline. However, dominant species may maintain high abundances even when their new environments no longer favour them due to stochastic processes associated with their high abundance, impeding deterministic processes that would otherwise diminish them.
  2. Here, we quantify the persistence of dominance by tracking the rate of decline in dominant species at 90 globally distributed grassland sites under experimentally elevated soil nutrient supply and reduced vertebrate consumer pressure.
  3. We found that chronic experimental nutrient addition and vertebrate exclusion caused certain subsets of species to lose dominance more quickly than in control plots. In control plots, perennial species and species with high initial cover maintained dominance for longer than annual species and those with low initial cover respectively. In fertilized plots, species with high initial cover maintained dominance at similar rates to control plots, while those with lower initial cover lost dominance even faster than similar species in controls. High initial cover increased the estimated time to dominance loss more strongly in plots with vertebrate exclosures than in controls. Vertebrate exclosures caused a slight decrease in the persistence of dominance for perennials, while fertilization brought perennials' rate of dominance loss in line with those of annuals. Annual species lost dominance at similar rates regardless of treatments.
  4. Synthesis. Collectively, these results point to a strong role of a species' historical abundance in maintaining dominance following environmental perturbations. Because dominant species play an outsized role in driving ecosystem processes, their ability to remain dominant—regardless of environmental conditions—is critical to anticipating expected rates of change in the structure and function of grasslands. Species that maintain dominance while no longer competitively favoured following press perturbations due to their historical abundances may result in community compositions that do not maximize resource capture, a key process of system responses to global change.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Wilfahrt, P.A., Seabloom, E.W., Bakker, J.D., Biederman, L., Bugalho, M.N., Cadotte, M.W., Caldeira, M.C., Catford, J.A., Chen, Q., Donohue, I., Ebeling, A., Eisenhauer, N., Haider, S., Heckman, R.W., Jentsch, A., Koerner, S.E., Komatsu, K.J., Laungani, R., MacDougall, A., Martina, J.P., Martinson, H., Moore, J.L., Niu, Y., Ohlert, T., Venterink, H.O., Orr, D., Peri, P., Pos, E., Price, J., Raynaud, X., Ren, Z., Roscher, C., Smith, N.G., Stevens, C.J., Sullivan, L.L., Tedder, M., Tognetti, P.M., Veen, C., Wheeler, G., Young, A.L., Young, H., Borer, E.T. (2023):
Nothing lasts forever: Dominant species decline under rapid environmental change in global grasslands
J. Ecol. 111 (11), 2472 - 2482 10.1111/1365-2745.14198