Publication Details

Category Data Publication
DOI 10.6019/PXD027744
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) THP-1 cells treated with plasticizer DINCH and metabolite MINCH
Author Schubert, K.; Schaffert, A.
Source Titel PRoteomics IDEntifications Database (PRIDE)
Year 2022
Department MOLSYB
Language englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Abstract The use of the plasticizer bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and other plasticizers in the manufacture of plastic products has been restricted due to adverse health outcomes such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, and asthma, for which inflammation has been described to be a driving factor. The emerging alternative plasticizer 1,2-cyclohexanedioic acid diisononyl ester (DINCH) still lacks information regarding its potential effects on the immune system. Here, we investigated the effects of DINCH and its naturally occurring metabolite monoisononylcyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid ester (MINCH) on the innate immune response. Human THP-1 macrophages were exposed to 10 nM–10 μM DINCH or MINCH for 4 h, 16 h, and 24 h. To decipher the underlying mechanism of action, we applied an untargeted proteomic approach that revealed xenobiotic-induced activation of immune-related pathways such as the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway. Key drivers were associated with oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, DNA damage repair, apoptosis, and autophagy. We verified increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) leading to cellular damage, NF-κB activation, and subsequent TNF and IL-1β release, even at low nM concentrations. Taken together, DINCH and MINCH induced cellular stress and pro-inflammatory effects in macrophages, which may lead to adverse health effects.
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Persistent UFZ Identifier
Schubert, K., Schaffert, A. (2022):
THP-1 cells treated with plasticizer DINCH and metabolite MINCH
PRoteomics IDEntifications Database (PRIDE) 10.6019/PXD027744