Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.167034
Title (Primary) Maternal exposure of mice to glyphosate induces depression- and anxiety-like behavior in the offspring via alterations of the gut-brain axis
Author Buchenauer, L.; Haange, S.-B. ORCID logo ; Bauer, M.; Rolle-Kampczyk, U.E.; Wagner, M.; Stucke, J.; Elter, E.; Fink, B.; Vass, M.; von Bergen, M.; Schulz, A.; Zenclussen, A.C.; Junge, K.M.; Stangl, G.I.; Polte, T.
Source Titel Science of the Total Environment
Year 2023
Department IMMU; MOLSYB
Volume 905
Page From art. 167034
Language englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Keywords Maternal exposure; Glyphosate; Behavior; Microbiome; Epigenetic
Abstract The past decade has been characterized by increased awareness and de-stigmatization of mental health issues, in particular the most common neuropsychiatric disorders depression and anxiety. Further, with growing understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder, the number of diagnosed patients has increased. The pathogenesis of these behavioral disorders is multifactorial and early-life exposure to environmental chemicals has been proposed to be a relevant risk factor that might mediate these effects by disturbances on the gut-brain-axis. However, for glyphosate, the most widely used pesticide worldwide, there are only limited and inconsistent findings that link chronic low-dose exposure in particular during early life to neurobehavioral disorders. Here, we explored the impact of maternal oral glyphosate exposure (0.5 and 50 mg/kg body weight/day) during pregnancy and the lactational period on offspring's behavior, brain gene expression and gut microbiota using a cross-generational mouse model. Behavioral analyses revealed a depression- and anxiety-like behavior as well as social deficits most notably in adult female offspring of glyphosate-exposed dams. Furthermore, the expression of tryptophan hydroxylase 2, an enzyme discussed to be linked to behavioral problems, was reduced in the hippocampus of female offspring and correlated to a glyphosate-induced DNA hypermethylation of the gene. Moreover, maternal glyphosate exposure significantly altered the gut microbiota in the female offspring including a decreased abundance of Akkermansia and increased abundance of Alistipes and Blautia, bacteria involved in tryptophan metabolism and associated with depression- and anxiety-like disorders. Our results suggest that glyphosate might influence the gut-brain axis crosstalk following in-utero and lactational exposure. This study underlines the importance of understanding the impact of exposure to pesticides on the gut-brain axis and further emphasizes the need for microbiome analyses to be compulsorily included in health risk assessments of pesticides.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=27972
Buchenauer, L., Haange, S.-B., Bauer, M., Rolle-Kampczyk, U.E., Wagner, M., Stucke, J., Elter, E., Fink, B., Vass, M., von Bergen, M., Schulz, A., Zenclussen, A.C., Junge, K.M., Stangl, G.I., Polte, T. (2023):
Maternal exposure of mice to glyphosate induces depression- and anxiety-like behavior in the offspring via alterations of the gut-brain axis
Sci. Total Environ. 905 , art. 167034