Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.139927
Document author version
Title (Primary) Sorption of ionic liquids in soil enriched with polystyrene microplastic reveals independent behavior of cations and anions
Author Lisiecka, N.; Ciesielski, T.; Sopata, O.; Parus, A.; Wozniak-Karczewska, M.; Simpson, M.; Frankowski, R.; Zgola-Grzeskowiak, A.; Kloziński, A.; Siwinska-Ciesielczyk, K.; Klapiszewski, Ł.; Niemczak, M.; Owsianiak, M.; Heipieper, H.J. ORCID logo ; Chrzanowski, Ł.
Source Titel Chemosphere
Year 2023
Department ISOBIO; UBT
Volume 341
Page From art. 139927
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy

Recently, much attention has been focused on the application of the Ionic Liquids (ILs) with herbicidal activity in agriculture. It has been suggested that through the appropriate selection of cations and anions, one can adjust the properties of ILs, particularly the hydrophobicity, solubility, bioavailability, toxicity. In practical agricultural conditions, it will be beneficial to reduce the mobility of herbicidal anions, such as the commonly applied 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid [2,4-D] in the soil. Furthermore, microplastics are becoming increasingly prevalent in the soil, potentially stimulating herbicidal sorption. Therefore, we investigated whether cations in ILs influence the mobility of anions in OECD soil supplemented with polystyrene microplastic (PS). For this purpose, we used the 2,4-D based ILs consisting of: a hydrophilic choline cation [Chol][2,4-D] and a hydrophobic choline cation with a C12-chain [C12Chol][2,4-D]. Characterization of selected micropolystyrene was carried out using the BET sorption-desorption isotherm, particle size distribution and changes in soil sorption parameters such as soil sorption capacity and cation exchange capacity. Based on the batch sorption experiment, the effect of microplastic on the sorption of individual cations and anions in soil contaminated with micropolystyrene was evaluated. The results obtained indicate that the introduction of a 1–10% (w/w) PS resulted in an 18–23% increase of the soil sorption capacity. However, the sorption of both ILs’ cations increased only by 3–5%. No sorption of the [2,4-D] anion was noted. This suggests that cations and anions forming ILs, behave independently of each other in the environment.

The results indicate the fact that ILs upon introduction into the environment are not a new type of emerging contaminant, but rather a typical mixture of ions. It is worth noting that when analyzing the behavior of ILs in the environment, it is necessary to follow the fate of both cations and anions.

Persistent UFZ Identifier
Lisiecka, N., Ciesielski, T., Sopata, O., Parus, A., Wozniak-Karczewska, M., Simpson, M., Frankowski, R., Zgola-Grzeskowiak, A., Kloziński, A., Siwinska-Ciesielczyk, K., Klapiszewski, Ł., Niemczak, M., Owsianiak, M., Heipieper, H.J., Chrzanowski, Ł. (2023):
Sorption of ionic liquids in soil enriched with polystyrene microplastic reveals independent behavior of cations and anions
Chemosphere 341 , art. 139927 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.139927