Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.trd.2023.103963
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Future renewable energy targets in the EU: Impacts on the German transport
Author Esmaeili Aliabadi, D. ORCID logo ; Chan, K.; Wulff, N.; Meisel, K.; Jordan, M. ORCID logo ; Österle, I.; Pregger, T.; Thrän, D.
Source Titel Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Year 2023
Volume 124
Page From art. 103963
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Renewable energy directive; German transport sector; Biofuel; Synthetic fuel; Optimization; Energy system models
Abstract The transport sector is at the center of discussions on accelerating the energy transition due to its still increasing contribution to greenhouse gas emissions worldwide; therefore, the EU has set binding targets for the use of renewable energy in transport through the Renewable Energy Directive. To analyze the economic impact of these targets, we developed an optimization model that considers bio- and electricity-based fuel options, various transport sectors, and future policy requirements. Our study of the German transport sector found that imported alternative fuels play a key role in reducing fossil fuel usage. We also identify two technological and managerial obstacles: policymakers need to prioritize the rapid electrification of vehicles in the near future; and in the distant future, more attention is needed in research for new technologies in commercial transport. Although our findings are tailored to Germany, the employed approach can be transferred to other models and countries.
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Esmaeili Aliabadi, D., Chan, K., Wulff, N., Meisel, K., Jordan, M., Österle, I., Pregger, T., Thrän, D. (2023):
Future renewable energy targets in the EU: Impacts on the German transport
Transport. Res. Part D-Transport. Environ. 124 , art. 103963 10.1016/j.trd.2023.103963