Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.165480
Title (Primary) Precipitation and vegetation transpiration variations dominate the dynamics of agricultural drought characteristics in China
Author Guo, W.; Huang, S.; Huang, Q.; She, D.; Shi, H.; Leng, G.; Li, J.; Cheng, L.; Gao, Y.; Peng, J. ORCID logo
Source Titel Science of the Total Environment
Year 2023
Department RS
Volume 898
Page From art. 165480
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords Agricultural drought; Drought events; Drought dynamics; Driving factors; China
Abstract Agricultural drought posing a significant threat to agricultural production is subject to the complex influence of ocean, terrestrial and meteorological multi-factors. Nevertheless, which factor dominating the dynamics of agricultural drought characteristics and their dynamic impact remain equivocal. To address this knowledge gap, we used ERA5 soil moisture to calculate the standardized soil moisture index (SSI) to characterize agricultural drought. The extreme gradient boosting model was then adopted to fully examine the influence of ocean, terrestrial and meteorological multi-factors on agricultural drought characteristics and their dynamics in China. Meanwhile, the Shapley additive explanation values were introduced to quantify the contribution of multiple drivers to drought characteristics. Our analysis reveals that the drought frequency, severity and duration in China ranged from 5–70, 2.15–35.02 and 1.76–31.20, respectively. Drought duration is increasing and drought intensity is intensifying in southeast, north and northwest China. In addition, potential evapotranspiration is the most significant driver of drought characteristics at the basin scale. Regarding the dynamic evolution of drought characteristics, the percentages of raster points for drought duration and severity with evapotranspiration as the dominant factor are 30.7 % and 32.7 %, and the percentages with precipitation are 35.3 % and 35.0 %, respectively. Precipitation in northern regions has a positive effect on decreasing drought characteristics, while in southern regions, evapotranspiration dominates the dynamics in drought characteristics due to increasing vegetation transpiration. Moreover, the drought severity is exacerbated by the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation in the Yangtze and Pearl River basins, while the contribution of the North Atlantic Oscillation to the drought duration evolution is increasing in the Yangtze River basin. Generally, this study sheds new insights into agricultural drought evolution and driving mechanism, which are beneficial for agricultural drought early warning and mitigation.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=27326
Guo, W., Huang, S., Huang, Q., She, D., Shi, H., Leng, G., Li, J., Cheng, L., Gao, Y., Peng, J. (2023):
Precipitation and vegetation transpiration variations dominate the dynamics of agricultural drought characteristics in China
Sci. Total Environ. 898 , art. 165480