Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1021/acs.est.3c01929
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Uptake and transformation of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs) in tree growth rings at a contaminated field site
Author Liu, X.; Kümmel, S.; Trapp, S.; Richnow, H.H.
Source Titel Environmental Science & Technology
Year 2023
Department ISOBIO
Volume 57
Issue 23
Page From 8776
Page To 8784
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords tree growth rings; bark; isotope fractionation; contaminant transformation; dual-element isotope analysis; phytoscreening
Abstract The potential transformation of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs) within tree trunks could have a significant impact on the use of phytoscreening. However, the transformation mechanisms of HCH in trunks particularly in growth rings are not yet well understood. Therefore, a field study on an HCH-contaminated field site was conducted to investigate the fate of HCH, particularly α-HCH in tree trunks using multielement compound-specific isotope analysis (ME-CSIA) and enantiomer fractionation. The results indicate that α-HCH was transformed, as evidenced by higher δ13C and δ37Cl values detected across different growth ring sections and in the bark compared to those in muck and soil. Remarkably, in the middle growth ring section, δ13C values of HCH were only marginally higher or comparable to those in muck, whereas δ37Cl values were higher than those of the muck, indicating a different transformation mechanism. Moreover, the δ37Cl values of β-HCH also increased in the tree trunks compared to those in soil and muck, implying a transformation of β-HCH. Additionally, dual-element isotope analysis revealed that there are different transformation mechanisms between the middle growth rings and other sections. Our findings suggest that the transformation of HCHs in trunks could bias quantitative phytoscreening approaches; however, ME-CISA offers an option to estimate the degradation extent.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Liu, X., Kümmel, S., Trapp, S., Richnow, H.H. (2023):
Uptake and transformation of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs) in tree growth rings at a contaminated field site
Environ. Sci. Technol. 57 (23), 8776 - 8784 10.1021/acs.est.3c01929