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Title (Primary) The effect of root hairs on exudate composition: a comparative non-targeted metabolomics approach
Author Lohse, M.; Santangeli, M.; Steininger-Mairinger, T.; Oburger, E.; Reemtsma, T.; Lechtenfeld, O.J.; Hann, S.
Journal Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Year 2023
Department ANA
Volume 415
Issue 5
Page From 823
Page To 840
Language englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Keywords Zea Mays L.; Root exudation; Metabolites; Carbon flux; FT-ICR-MS; LC-TOF-MS
UFZ wide themes ProVIS;
Abstract Root exudation is a major pathway of organic carbon input into soils. It affects soil physical properties, element solubility as well as speciation, and impacts the microbial community in the rhizosphere. Root exudates contain a large number of primary and secondary plant metabolites, and the amount and composition are highly variable depending on plant species and developmental stage. Detailed information about exudate composition will allow for a better understanding of exudate-driven rhizosphere processes and their feedback loops. Although non-targeted metabolomics by high-resolution mass spectrometry is an established tool to characterize root exudate composition, the extent and depth of the information obtained depends strongly on the analytical approach applied. Here, two genotypes of Zea mays L., differing in root hair development, were used to compare six mass spectrometric approaches for the analysis of root exudates. Reversed-phase liquid chromatography and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography combined with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-TOF-MS), as well as direct infusion Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (DI-FT-ICR-MS), were applied with positive and negative ionization mode. By using the same statistical workflow, the six approaches resulted in different numbers of detected molecular features, ranging from 176 to 889, with a fraction of 48 to 69% of significant features (fold change between the two genotypes of > 2 and p-value < 0.05). All approaches revealed the same trend between genotypes, namely up-regulation of most metabolites in the root hair defective mutant (rth3). These results were in agreement with the higher total carbon and nitrogen exudation rate of the rth3-mutant as compared to the corresponding wild-type maize (WT). However, only a small fraction of features were commonly found across the different analytical approaches (20–79 features, 13–31% of the rth3-mutant up-regulated molecular formulas), highlighting the need for different mass spectrometric approaches to obtain a more comprehensive view into the composition of root exudates. In summary, 111 rth3-mutant up-regulated compounds (92 different molecular formulas) were detected with at least two different analytical approaches, while no WT up-regulated compound was found by both, LC-TOF-MS and DI-FT-ICR-MS. Zea mays L. exudate features obtained with multiple analytical approaches in our study were matched against the metabolome database of Zea mays L. (KEGG) and revealed 49 putative metabolites based on their molecular formula.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Lohse, M., Santangeli, M., Steininger-Mairinger, T., Oburger, E., Reemtsma, T., Lechtenfeld, O.J., Hann, S. (2023):
The effect of root hairs on exudate composition: a comparative non-targeted metabolomics approach
Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 415 (5), 823 - 840