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Title (Primary) Universal drivers of cheese microbiomes
Author Reuben, R.C.; Langer, D.; Eisenhauer, N.; Jurburg, S.D.
Journal iScience
Year 2023
Department UMB; iDiv
Volume 26
Issue 1
Page From art. 105744
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Supplements https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S258900422202017X-mmc1.pdf
https://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S258900422202017X-mmc2.xlsx
Keywords Microbiology; microbiome; food microbiology
Abstract The culinary value, quality, and safety of cheese are largely driven by the resident bacteria, but comparative analyses of the cheese microbiota across cheese types are scarce. We present the first global synthesis of cheese microbiomes. Following a systematic literature review of cheese microbiology research, we collected 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequence data from 824 cheese samples spanning 58 cheese types and 16 countries. We found a consistent, positive relationship between microbiome richness and pH, and a higher microbial richness in cheeses derived from goat milk. In contrast, we found no relationship between pasteurization, geographic location, or salinity and richness. Milk and cheese type, geographic location, and pasteurization collectively explained 65% of the variation in microbial community composition. Importantly, we identified four universal cheese microbiome types, driven by distinct dominant taxa. Our study reveals notable diversity patterns among the cheese microbiota, which are driven by geography and local environmental variables.
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=26878
Reuben, R.C., Langer, D., Eisenhauer, N., Jurburg, S.D. (2023):
Universal drivers of cheese microbiomes
iScience 26 (1), art. 105744