Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.3390/rs14225767
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Monitoring and integrating the changes in vegetated areas with the rate of groundwater use in arid regions
Author Morsy, M.; Michaelides, S.; Scholten, T.; Dietrich, P. ORCID logo
Journal Remote Sensing
Year 2022
Department MET
Volume 14
Issue 22
Page From art. 5767
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Keywords groundwater; Sentinel; Landsat; Arid Vegetation Index; El-Qaa plain; Sinai; Egypt
Abstract Frequent water table measurements are crucial for sustainable groundwater management in arid regions. Such monitoring is more important in areas that are already facing an acute problem with excessive groundwater withdrawal. In the majority of these locations, continuous readings of groundwater levels are lacking. Therefore, an approximate estimate of the rate of increase or decrease in water consumption over time may serve as a proxy for the missing data. This could be achieved by tracking the changes in vegetated areas that generally correlate with changes in the rate of water use. The technique proposed in this paper is based on two remote sensing datasets: Landsat 7 and 8 from 2001 to 2021, and Sentinel 2A from 2015 to 2021, as well as five vegetation indices: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index (RDVI), Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI), Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI), and Transformed Vegetation Index (TVI). The findings have shown that the datasets chosen performed best for small-scale land farms at the research location, which was chosen to be the El-Qaa plain, in the southwestern corner of the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. Landsat 7 data with a resolution of 30 m revealed a substantial increase in land farms from 2.9 km2 in 2001 to 23.3 km2 in 2021. By using the five indices based on Sentinel 2A data, vegetated areas were categorized as heavy, moderate, or light. In addition, the expansion of each class area from 2015 to 2021 was tracked. Additionally, the NDVI index was modified to better reflect the arid environment (subsequently naming this new index as the Arid Vegetation Index: AVI). Rough scenarios of the increase in water consumption rate at the research site were generated by observing the increase in vegetated areas and collecting rough information from the farmers regarding the crop types.
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Morsy, M., Michaelides, S., Scholten, T., Dietrich, P. (2022):
Monitoring and integrating the changes in vegetated areas with the rate of groundwater use in arid regions
Remote Sens. 14 (22), art. 5767