|Title (Primary)||Characteristic regional differences in trace element pattern of 2014 German North Sea surface Wadden sediments - A judge and assessment|
|Author||von der Au, M.; Zimmermann, T.; Kleeberg, U.; von Tümpling, W.; Pröfrock, D.|
|Journal||Marine Pollution Bulletin|
|Page From||art. 114208|
|Topic||T5 Future Landscapes
T4 Coastal System
|Keywords||Trace elements; Enrichment factors; Chemometrics; ICP-MS|
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires good ecological status of the marine environment. This also includes the Wadden Sea located in the southeastern part of the North Sea and its chemical status of sediments. Based on results from campaigns conducted in the 1980s, 32 surface sediment samples were taken in 2014 to check whether the sampling strategy required for characterizing the trace element content in sediments is representative and to determine the degree of pollution and potential changes over the last decades. For this purpose the elemental mass fractions of 42 elements were assessed in the ≤20 μm grain size fraction of the surface sediments.
Based on cluster analysis a clear correlation between the element distribution and the geographical location of the sampling locations of the German Wadden Sea could be found. As a result of the principal component analysis, three sub-catchments were significantly separated from each other by the characteristic element distributions in the sediments (Norderney and Weser, Elbe and offshore areas, and North Friesland). With the help of discriminant analysis, the classification was confirmed unambiguously. Small anomalies, such as potentially contaminated sites from WWII, could be identified. This proved that the sampling strategy for sediment characterization with reference to trace elements in the Wadden Sea of the German Bight is representative.
The impact of regulation and changes on the overall sediment quality is most evident when looking at the environmentally critical elements such as As, Cd, Hg, and Cr. For these elements the mean mass fractions show a significant reduction over the last three decades. Current sediments feature only slightly elevated mass fractions of Ag, Cd, Ce, Cs, Nd, Pb and Se at some sampling locations.
|Persistent UFZ Identifier||https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=26686|
|von der Au, M., Zimmermann, T., Kleeberg, U., von Tümpling, W., Pröfrock, D. (2022):
Characteristic regional differences in trace element pattern of 2014 German North Sea surface Wadden sediments - A judge and assessment
Mar. Pollut. Bull. 184 , art. 114208