Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1016/j.crtox.2022.100097
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) DNA adducts as link between in vitro and in vivo carcinogenicity – A case study with benzo[a]pyrene
Author Gerhards, M.; Böhme, A.; Schubert, K.; Kodritsch, B.; Ulrich, N.
Source Titel Current Research in Toxicology
Year 2023
Volume 4
Page From art. 100097
Language englisch
Topic T9 Healthy Planet
Keywords In vitro-in vivo extrapolation IVIVE; Benzo[a]pyrene; DNA adduct formation
Abstract To reduce the need for animal tests, in vitro assays are often used as alternative methods. To derive toxic doses for higher tier organisms from in vitro assay results, quantitative in vitro-in vivo extrapolation (qIVIVE) based on physiological-based toxicokinetic (PBTK) models is typically the preferred approach. Such PBTK models require many input parameters to address the route from dose to target site concentration. However, respective data is very often not available. Hence, our aim is to call attention to an alternative way to build a link between animal (in vivo) and cell-derived (in vitro) toxicity data. To this end, we selected the carcinogenic chemical benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) for our study. Our approach relates both in vitro assay and in vivo data to a main intermediate marker structure for carcinogenicity on the subcellular level – the BaP-DNA adduct BaP-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide-deoxyguanosine. Thus, BaP dose is directly linked to a measure of the toxicity-initiating event. We used Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) and Balb/c 3T3 cell transformation assay as in vitro data and compared these data to outcomes of in vivo carcinogenicity tests in rodents. In vitro and in vivo DNA adduct levels range within three orders of magnitude. Especially metabolic saturation at higher doses and interspecies variabilities are identified and critically discussed as possible sources of errors in our simplified approach. Finally, our study points out possible routes to overcome limitations of the envisaged approach in order to allow for a reliable qIVIVE in the future.
Persistent UFZ Identifier
Gerhards, M., Böhme, A., Schubert, K., Kodritsch, B., Ulrich, N. (2023):
DNA adducts as link between in vitro and in vivo carcinogenicity – A case study with benzo[a]pyrene
Curr. Res. Toxicol. 4 , art. 100097 10.1016/j.crtox.2022.100097