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Title (Primary) Uniform and dispersible carbonaceous microspheres as quasi-liquid sorbent
Author Balda, M.; Mackenzie, K.; Kopinke, F.-D.; Georgi, A.
Journal Chemosphere
Year 2022
Department TUCHEM; ZENCO
Volume 307, Part 4
Page From art. 136079
Language englisch
Topic T7 Bioeconomy
Keywords Hydrothermal carbonization; Uniform carbonaceous microspheres; Dispersibility; CMC; Sucrose; Phenanthrene
Abstract Functional colloidal carbon materials find various applications, including the remediation of contaminated water and soil in so-called particle-based in-situ remediation processes. In this study, uniform and highly dispersible micro-sized carbonaceous spheres (CS) were generated by hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of sucrose in the presence of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte stabilizer. In order to ensure their optimal subsurface delivery and formation of a self-contained treatment zone, a narrow size distribution and low agglomeration tendency of the particles is desired. Therefore, the obtained CS were thoroughly characterized and optimized with respect to their colloidal properties which are a crucial factor for their application as quasi-liquid sorbent. The as-prepared uniform CS are readily dispersible into single particles in water as confirmed by digital microscopy and form stable suspensions. Due to their perfectly spherical shape, particle sedimentation in aqueous suspensions is well predicted by Stokes’ law. High sorption coefficients on the synthesized CS KD,CS were determined for phenanthrene (up to log (KD,CS/[L kg−1]) = 5) and other hydrophobic groundwater contaminants. This confirms the application potential of the CS, which were prepared by an economic low-temperature process using sucrose as bio-based precursor, for generating in-situ sorption barriers for groundwater and soil remediation.
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Balda, M., Mackenzie, K., Kopinke, F.-D., Georgi, A. (2022):
Uniform and dispersible carbonaceous microspheres as quasi-liquid sorbent
Chemosphere 307, Part 4 , art. 136079