Publication Details

Category Text Publication
Reference Category Journals
DOI 10.1111/nph.18345
Licence creative commons licence
Title (Primary) Functional traits influence patterns in vegetative and reproductive plant phenology - a multi-botanical garden study
Author Sporbert, M.; Jakubka, D.; Bucher, S.F.; Hensen, I.; Freiberg, M.; Heubach, K.; König, A.; Nordt, B.; Plos, C.; Blinova, I.; Bonn, A. ORCID logo ; Knickmann, B.; Koubek, T.; Linstädter, A.; Mašková, T.; Primack, R.B.; Rosche, C.; Shah, M.A.; Stevens, A.-D.; Tielbörger, K.; Träger, S.; Wirth, C.; Römermann, C.
Source Titel New Phytologist
Year 2022
Department iDiv; ESS
Volume 235
Issue 6
Page From 2199
Page To 2210
Language englisch
Topic T5 Future Landscapes
Data and Software links
Keywords Botanical gardens, first flowering day, growing season length, leaf traits, PhenObs phenological network, phylogeny
Abstract Phenology has emerged as key indicator of the biological impacts of climate change. Yet the role of functional traits constraining variation in herbaceous species’ phenology has received little attention. Botanical gardens are ideal places to investigate large numbers of species growing in common climate. We ask whether interspecific variation in plant phenology is influenced by differences in functional traits. We recorded onset, end, duration and intensity of initial growth, leafing out, leaf senescence, flowering and fruiting for 212 species across five botanical gardens in Germany. We measured functional traits, including plant height, absolute and specific leaf area, leaf dry matter content, leaf carbon and nitrogen content and seed mass and accounted for species’ relatedness. Closely related species showed greater similarities in timing of phenological events than expected by chance, but species’ traits had high explanatory power, hinting to paramount importance of species’ life-history strategies. Taller plants had later timing of initial growth, flowered, fruited and underwent leaf senescence later. Large-leaved species had shorter flowering and fruiting durations. Taller, large-leaved species differ in their phenology and are more competitive than smaller, small-leaved species. We assume climate warming will change plant communities’ competitive hierarchies with consequences for biodiversity.
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Sporbert, M., Jakubka, D., Bucher, S.F., Hensen, I., Freiberg, M., Heubach, K., König, A., Nordt, B., Plos, C., Blinova, I., Bonn, A., Knickmann, B., Koubek, T., Linstädter, A., Mašková, T., Primack, R.B., Rosche, C., Shah, M.A., Stevens, A.-D., Tielbörger, K., Träger, S., Wirth, C., Römermann, C. (2022):
Functional traits influence patterns in vegetative and reproductive plant phenology - a multi-botanical garden study
New Phytol. 235 (6), 2199 - 2210 10.1111/nph.18345